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2020.09.28 14:13 wokeafsince83 Boyfriend (36m) suggests we go shopping for things I want that are not quite within my (36f) budget. I assume his suggestion is bc he will pay. He does not.

My (36f) boyfriend (34m) and I have been dating for 4 months. Covid restrictions are still partially in effect where we live, so our “dating” has consisted of takeout and hangouts at each other’s houses. Occasionally we will grab a meal at a place that has outdoor dining. I always offer to pay, but he declines.
A couple weeks ago I had mentioned offhand that I wanted a new article of clothing (retails at $98). That’s not a ton of money, and not out of my budget, but I am a single parent of two teenagers and I do have to budget and plan my paychecks carefully. For example; my family’s entire clothing budget per month is $150. Most months we don’t spend anything, but sometimes we spend it all. (Back to school / special occasion / etc) So, a large purchase like this I need to plan for and make sure my kids don’t have any imminent NEEDS, first.
Anyways, after I mention this, he excitedly suggests that we go shopping. I took this as his way of saying he was going to buy them for me. He knows my situation (not struggling with money but also don’t have a ton of extra). So we get to the store and I’m browsing until I finally find what I had wanted. He even suggested a new shirt, too.
We get to the register and He just stands there. Then, I panic and realize he has no intention of paying so I make up an excuse that I forgot my debit card. I just wanted to get out of there. I was so embarrassed because 1. I assumed he would pay and 2. I simply didn’t have the money to spend. I did my best to brush it off, and he seemed clueless to the entire thing.
Well, it happened again yesterday. In conversation I mentioned still wanting that same article of clothing. Again, he excitedly suggested we go shopping.
How do I tell him that we have different interpretations of what that means? We are in our mid 30s, have decent careers, and make about the same amount of money. He hasn’t taken me out to more then 3 dates ever simply bc of covid restrictions. Is it an unrealistic expectation that when he suggests shopping, that he pays?
He is sweet and kind and thoughtful in every other way but just seems clueless here.
TLDR; I mention I want something ($100), boyfriend suggests we go shopping, and then he stands there when it comes time to pay.
submitted by wokeafsince83 to relationships [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 12:58 Dino_567 Does Tinder or online dating apps of that ilk work for everyone or does it change from country to country ??

I live in South East Asia. So the sex ratio is pretty skewed up when it comes to dating apps. It's almost 90 percent of men and women are 10 percent. There's a good amount of profile who promote their own Instagram page rather than wanting to use the app . It acts like a platform for them to use to add engagements and followers to their page rather than to swipe left or right.
I have been pretty skeptical of online dating. But after not getting to meet someone I thought of giving it a try. I used a few of them regularly like clockwork.Swiping right or left depending on the profile.After a few days, I didn't get a single match on the app's. I thought that it's either my profile is not good enough or I don't show up on the app when other users swipe.
Thankfully I had a friend. She was also using some online dating apps as well. I asked her if she's comfortable with showing me what pops up for her when she uses. When she opened the app . I was flabbergasted , all the profiles which showed up were of pretty damn attractive men and pictures which were perfectly taken. Then she showed me the profile of people with whom she matches with. She had close to 100 matches within a few days while I had zero after a month or so.
I didn't take it personally. I thought that I need to change my profile . I had someone help me out and provide some guidance and all . I changed my profile to something better than the last one. Then I thought that maybe it will change and all. I didn't swipe on women who looked damn pretty and attractive. But it didn't change , the same scenario no matches after a few months. I finally got frustrated and deleted them.
My self confidence and self esteem took a huge dive because I thought that no one finds me attractive or see me as someone whom they can date. It didn't help that my friends were getting matches and going on dates. Ultimately this kinda of fucked me over because I didn't understand what others have that I don't. I got to a point thinking that dating people is like a club where I can't enter .
I got to thinking that does Tinder and other apps work for a select few or is it like because tinder and other apps have a skewed gender ratio, it's pretty difficult to get matches in my country ??
submitted by Dino_567 to SeriousConversation [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 12:55 Dino_567 Does Tinder or online dating apps like that work for everyone ??

I live in South East Asia. So the sex ratio is pretty skewed up when it comes to dating apps. It's almost 90 percent of men and women are 10 percent. There's a good amount of profile who promote their own Instagram page rather than wanting to use the app . It acts like a platform for them to use to add engagements and followers to their page rather than to swipe left or right.
I have been pretty skeptical of online dating. But after not getting to meet someone I thought of giving it a try. I used a few of them regularly like clockwork.Swiping right or left depending on the profile.After a few days, I didn't get a single match on the app's. I thought that it's either my profile is not good enough or I don't show up on the app when other users swipe.
Thankfully I had a friend. She was also using some online dating apps as well. I asked her if she's comfortable with showing me what pops up for her when she uses tinder. When she opened the app . I was flabbergasted , all the profiles which showed up were of pretty damn attractive men and pictures which were perfectly taken. Then she showed me the profile of people with whom she matches with. She had close to 100 matches within a few days while I had zero after a month or so.
I didn't take it personally. I thought that I need to change my profile . I had someone help me out and provide some guidance and all . I changed my profile to something better than the last one. Then I thought that maybe it will change and all. I didn't swipe on women who looked damn pretty and attractive. But it was the same scenario no matches after a few months. I finally got frustrated and deleted them.
My self confidence and self esteem took a huge dive because I thought that no one finds me attractive or see me as someone whom they can date. It didn't help that my friends were getting matches and going on dates. Ultimately this kinda of fucked me over because I didn't understand what others have that I don't. I got to a point thinking that dating people is like a club where I can't enter .
I got to thinking that does Tinder and other apps work for a select few or is it like because tinder and other apps have a skewed gender ratio in my country , it's pretty difficult to get matches for men ??
submitted by Dino_567 to dating_advice [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 10:00 ScrappyMasseur I don't know how to get out...

Me (34M) and my girlfriend (40F) have been dating on and off for about 5 years now. Normally, I avoid sharing my feelings, especially as a male, with my friends and family as I don't like causing drama, but I'm at the point right now where I need help...
I'm ashamed and embarrassed because of how pathetic and low I've become, but I'm going to be honest and admit my faults right now.
About 2 years ago, we got into another argument at a restaurant because of a disagreement. I got into the car, waited, and she wouldn't get in... I drove off. We didn't talk to each other for a few months and thought we had broken up. I had no intention of ever talking to her again.
After, I dated another girl. And about 6 months into the relationship, she said that she was getting unknown phone calls on a daily basis, and "felt" as if someone was stalking her. I know this was a stupid move, but I got back with my girlfriend because I did not want her to harm/stalk her.
Fast forward until now, I feel like every day I am being punished by my girlfriend for making that decision I did that day. I am not attracted to her in any way, shape, or form as I believe that she is one of the most manipulative women I have ever met and will do "anything" to get what she wants.
Currently, she owns a nail salon business and has been running it since we first met. In the beginning, when I had heard her traumatic past health story, I was drawn to helping her make this business succeed. It provided a sense of purpose for me.
But right now, all I do is just favors for her. It includes mopping floors, taking out the trash, driving her to Costco, filling up the gas, buying her food and so on. This doesn't feel like a boyfriend/girlfriend relationship; it feels more like an employeemployee relationship, yet she still regards me as her boyfriend...?
I know this is getting long, but I want to sum it up with what happened recently. A few months ago, she said the only way I could get out of the relationship was if I found her a "rich, white husband." So yesterday, I spend close to my last $100 on Match.com and created a profile for her, because I am desperate to get out.
I thought I was doing a good job because a banker was interested in her profile. When I told her this, she yelled at me saying I was on Match.com to "cheat" on her again. Then she said to hand over the account name/password so she can be the one who messages the guys, and also that she no longer wants me to do this she just wants me to focus 100% in marketing for the business.
Then and there, I told her I wanted to move on from the relationship. She said I don't get that privilege and that only when the business is successful, then she will tell me I can move on. She has repeatedly gone to my house and honked the horn as a way for me to listen to her and obey her commands.
I tried calling 911. After the dispatcher told me to file a restraining order, she continued to harass me and said if I ever do that again, she would make my life worse than it already is.
No matter what I do or say, I cannot logically win any argument with her and usually resorts to some bogus threat that she intends to do to me such as having to pay her money back for borrowing things I don't even remember. Nothing makes sense when I'm talking to her and somehow, usually I'm the one at fault at the end of it.
I feel like if I do leave, she will do everything in her power to get revenge, even at the cost of her life because she is that level of crazy. She works within 15 minutes of me and knows where I live. I don't have the financial means to move somewhere else.
And because I watch this show so much, sometimes it's easier for me to stay in the relationship, because I don't want to end up on Dateline one day.
I'm just so drained right now that I don't know what to do. I don't want to fight, because I try to avoid violence; yet, I just... don't want to live... no that's too much. I just give up and follow orders in hopes that she will be happy one day and let me go in peace.
I wish to be single again. And start over. I'm about to apply to acupuncture school in a week and this is the last thing I want to think about. My thoughts are all in a blur... Do I need someone's permission to break up with them? Does it take the consent of 2 people? Should I try to reason with her and talk about a plan or something?
I don't know... maybe I deserve this as karma or something for hurting her in the past...
Hoping to get objective feedback from other men who might have gone through something similar and maybe also from a female's perspective. Thank you for reading.
TL; DR - In an abusive relationship as a male, about to apply to master's degree program in a week, can't focus, and don't know how to deal with this situation.
submitted by ScrappyMasseur to relationship_advice [link] [comments]


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2020.09.28 08:45 Odsk2017 Am I doing the right thing?

Sorry if this post ends up being too long but I guess I need to give some background story. I am 36M and my wife 30F (and we have a 2Y child) had been very protective of her phone in the last couple of months. We are married for over 6 years and she had never cared where her phone is, until recently. We always had Find My iPhone turned on and a few months ago she told me she feels I control her too much and she wants to turn it off, which I agreed (I was being understanding, didn’t suspect anything at all at the time). In the last couple of months, with her being so protective of her phone, I started to suspect something is going on and a few times asked her, she denied it and got defensive very quickly, which kind of confirmed that she is hiding something. I went through her phone and laptop a few times and found nothing but I was still sure she is cheating on me OR I was crazy. Because she was also always with me whenever she wasn’t at work, rarely goes out somewhere without me, once in a while girls night out but sends me photo with her girlfriends etc.
Anyway, three weeks ago, she comes home a little late, tells me she had to work late, and then I go kiss her and smell alcohol. Then she finally tells me that she was out for drinks with a few colleagues, one of which she had been having emotional affair, the guy fell in love with her, she liked attention, the guy asked her to leave me and marry him, she refused, but they still went to lunch together a few times and kissed one time but that was a few months ago. She swears nothing else happened and she was desperate because I wasn’t giving her attention or making her feel loved. (I had been in depression for about two years, been to therapists many times, started meditations etc and I just started to feel a lot better and present a few months ago, so she is not wrong about me being unavailable emotionally or sexually – also during that time, a few times she asked me to divorce but each time that happened, the next day she said she wasn’t thinking right and said she loves me, but in general she didn’t hide she was unhappy). She said she couldn’t tell me because there was nothing to tell and once she saw I am being much more present and giving her attention, she stopped caring about the other guy and the drinks that day was just with colleagues, not a date with him. She apologized many times and gave me her phone, turned on find my iphone etc and asked me to check anything and promised to talk to the guy to never bother her again. This made me feel better and I also told her it depends on her behavior from now on, it is her job to make me feel comfortable about the situation and she shouldn’t make me question where she is, what she is doing etc, and she should just let me know beforehand.
I spent the next two days, checking everything on her phone and laptop, found out two days she went to a hotel two times at lunch time and spent about an hour each time. When I asked her wtf is this, she said they went to the restaurant in that hotel (which kind of makes sense, the hotel has a great restaurant), a little sketchy but I believed her. So after spending two days devastated and playing Sherlock Holmes, I decided to forgive her and stay with her, mostly because I really love her.
So the d-day was about 3 weeks ago and I made my decision very quickly, just after 2-3 days of discovery and since then we have been generally happy with each other and we went to an amazing beach vacation and felt closer etc… Until the last day of vacation two days ago, she gets drunk and tells me ONCE AGAIN that she wants to leave me, she wants to be single and she thinks I control her too much. For the record, I just usually want to know where she is if she is out, I never ask her to not go out or not meet someone etc, she never needs permission from me, I just wanna know where she is and when I am out somewhere I always tell her where I am, with who I am etc. I always thought it is normal to tell your spouse where you are, never thought it would be described as controlling. Anyway at this point, I start to question my decision to believe her and stay married. And once again, next morning she wakes up sober and starts kissing me hugging me and telling me she loves me etc.
These mixed messages are driving me crazy and making me question my decision. I DO love her and want to be with her, but am I making a stupid mistake to forgive her and trust her? Or even if she told the trust 100% and doesn’t hide anything else, is it still stupid to stay with her when everytime she gets drunks she mentions divorce? Of course I also consider our child, who is the best kid one can ever dream of and she is a very good mother, and I am a very good father to her. In general if someone looked at us from far, they would think we are a dream family. We don't really have any big fights etc. It is just a question of did she fall out of love me during my depression and if so, is staying and trying to fall her back in love with me logical or stupid?
submitted by Odsk2017 to survivinginfidelity [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 08:27 Firstprime [DRAFT] Moebius Article Test [DRAFT]

A complete guide to English language Moebius collected editions

Since I started following the work of Moebius I have experienced a lot of frustration in trying to catalogue and track down his work. So much of his work is long out of print, and his stories have been printed across so many different collections that it can be very hard to keep track of it all. I regularly see Moebius fans - new and old - complaining about this confusion, even to the point of accidentally buying the same work multiple times. My goal here is to lay out a clear and thorough catalogue of Moebius work which has been printed in English. This includes creating a full list of every Moebius work which has been translated into English, as well as a cataloguing which of these works were included in every collected edition printed to date. Whether you want to find which stories were included in a particular edition, or track down a collection that includes one particular story, you should be able to do it with a simple search of this post (Ctrl + F).
In this guide I will be including all works published under the pseudonym Moebius, as well as earlier works which were published under his real name Jean Giraud. I will not be including works on which Moebius was only the writer or works by other authors to which Moebius contributed work, although I may add an additional section for these later if there is demand for it.
For anyone who is only interested in information on which editions are currently available for purchase you can skip to Section 2, as well as the first parts of Sections 4, 5, and 6.
This guide will be divided into six sections:


Please don’t hesitate to leave comment or PM me if you discover any errors in this guide, or if you have any additional information to add. I will try to get the guide updated ASAP whenever new information becomes available. My intention, and hope, is for this guide to become a definitive source for English language Moebius collected editions.
I want to make this as open and readable as possible for newcomers, while also being as thorough as possible, so I welcome feedback and recommendations regarding the readability of this guide. All feedback is appreciated!
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

SECTION 1: A complete list of all Moebius works which have been translated into English.

This section lists every individual Moebius work which has been translated into English. All titles are listed with the date of their earliest English release, regardless of the format of this release. Titles are listed in order of release date, with some longer series grouped under their earliest entry. Page counts are included where available. Writer noted in cases where work was collaborative. In cases where a story was published under more than one title I have used the title of the most recent publication.

Blueberry (16 volumes) (1965 - 1996)
Arzach (6 volumes) (1977)
The Long Tomorrow (1977) (16 pages) (Writer: Dan O’Bannon)
Approaching Centauri (1977) (6 pages) (Writer: Philippe Druillet)
Major Fatale (1977) (13 pages)
It’s a Small Universe (1977) (8 pages)
Is Man Good? (1977) (10 pages)
Ballade (1977) (9 pages)
Black Thursday (1977) (2 pages)
The Airtight Garage (1977 - 1980) (99 pages)
Marvels of The Universe (1978) (1 page)
Free Fall/Absoluten Calfeutrail (1978) (8 pages)
Jungle Gysm (1978) (1 page)
Syants Fikshun Digest (1 page)
Hit Man (1978) (12 pages)
Split the Little Space Pioneer (1979) (2 pages)
Untitled [I don't want to sound like I'm paranoid...] (1979) (1 page)
Ktulu (1979) (5 pages)
A Tale of Christmas (1979) (3 pages)
The Mysteries of Eroticism No.1 (1980) (1 page)
Shore Leave on Pharagonesia (1980) (26 pages)
The Mysteries of Eroticism No.2 (1980) (1 page)
Rock City (1980) (7 pages)
The White Citadel (1980) (6 pages)
Blackbeard and the Pirate Brain (1981) (5 pages)
Double Escape (1981) (2 pages)
There is a Prince Charming on Phenixon (1980) (4 pages)
The White Nightmare (1981) (12 pages)
One of 4,070 Variations on "The" Theme (1981) (4 pages)
You're the Object of This and That (1981) (4 pages)
An Adventure of John Watercolor (1981) (1 page)
The Detour (1981) (7 pages)
Wounded Knee (1981) (2 pages)
Afloat (1981) (1 page)
The Invaders (1981) (1 page)
The Horny Goof (1981) (24 pages)
Metamorphosis (1981) (24 Illustrations)
The Incal (6 volumes) (1981 – 1988)
The Emerald Lake (1982) (4 pages)
The Twinkle in Fildegar’s Eye (1983) (7 pages)
Celestial Venice (1986) (9 pages)
The Gold Digger (1987) (5 pages)
The Words of Chief Seattle (1987) (3 pages)
The Legend of Arzach (1987) (5 pages)
Christmas on Lipponia (1987) (3 pages)
The Artifact (1987) (4 pages)
The Edena Cycle (11 Volumes) (1987 - 2018)
Journey to the Center of an Unfaithful Body (1988) (2 pages)
The Hunt for the Vacationing Frenchman (1988) (6 pages)
The Apple Pie (1988) (4 pages)
Silver Surfer: Parable (1988 - 1989) (46 pages)
Young Blueberry (3 volumes) (1989 - 1990)
The Eyes of The Cat (1990) (56 pages) (Writer: Alejandro Jodorowsky)
In the Heart of the Impregnable Metabunker (1990) (8 pages)
Aedena (1990) (6 pages)
Nuggets and Thieves (1990) (2 pages)
Blanco, King of the Prairie (1990) (4 pages)
Deima (1990) (7 pages)
Jim Cutlass: Mississippi River (1991) (60 pages)
King of the Buffalo (1991) (10 pages)
The Man from the Ciguri (1992 - 1993) (52 pages)
Madwoman of the Sacred Heart (1996) (192 pages)
Angel Claws (1997) (72 pages)
Second Sunrise over New Mombasa (2006) (14 pages)
The story of an idea (2007) (8 pages)
XIII Volume 17: The Irish Version (2013) (48 pages)
After the Incal Vol. 1: The New Dream (2014) (60 pages)
Inside Moebius (3 Volumes) (2018)
Memories (2020) (6 pages) (Writer: Albert Patin De La Fizelére)
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

SECTION 2: A list of Moebius collected editions in English which are currently available to purchase.

This section will list every edition currently available for purchase which contains Moebius work in English. This includes works that are actively in print, as well as works that are out of print but still readily available at or below cover price. I will also list the contents of every edition so they can be cross referenced with the comprehensive list above. In this section I will list the release date of the specific editions rather than the stories themselves. This list will also be divided by publisher.

Dark Horse

Moebius Library: The World of Edena (2016) (344 pages) (Hardcover)
Moebius Library: The Art of Edena (2018) (176 pages) (Hardcover)
Moebius Library: Inside Moebius Part 1 (2018) (216 pages) (Hardcover)
Moebius Library: Inside Moebius Part 2 (2018) (248 pages) (Hardcover)
Moebius Library: Inside Moebius Part 3 (2018) (248 pages) (Hardcover)

Humanoids

The Eyes of The Cat: The Yellow Edition (2013) (56 pages) (Hardcover)
The Incal (2015) (308 pages) (HardcoveSoftcover)
The Incal Deluxe Coffee Table Edition #5: The Fifth Essence Part 1 (2013) (48 pages) (Hardcover)
The Incal Deluxe Coffee Table Edition #6: The Fifth Essence Part 2 (2014) (48 pages) (Hardcover)
Madwoman of The Sacred Heart (2016) (192 pages) (Hardcover)
Angel Claws (2019) (72 pages) (Hardcover)
Angel Claws Deluxe Coffee Table Edition (2013) (75 pages) (Hardcover)
Arzach Classique (2011) (56 pages) (Hardcover)

Graphitti Designs

Moebius 4: Blueberry (1989) (252 pages) (Hardcover)
Moebius 5: Blueberry (1990) (304 pages) (Hardcover)
Moebius 6: Young Blueberry (1990) (168 pages) (Hardcover)
Moebius 8: Blueberry (1991) (240 pages) (Hardcover)
Moebius 9: Blueberry (1991) (180 pages) (Hardcover)

Marvel

Silver Surfer: Parable 30th Anniversary Edition (2020) (88 pages) (Softcover)
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

SECTION 3: A list of Moebius collected editions in English which are currently out of print.

In this section I will list every collected edition of Moebius work which was previously published in English but is no longer available. I will exclude any edition which is no longer available but which has since been replaced by an edition which is functionally equal or superior.

Dark Horse

Moebius #0: The Horny Goof & Other Underground Stories (1990) (72 pages) (Softcover)
Moebius: Arzach (1996) (80 Pages) (Softcover)
Moebius: H.P.’s Rock City TPB (1996) (84 Pages) (Softcover)
Moebius: The Man from The Ciguri (1996) (80 Pages) (Softcover)
Moebius: Madwoman of the Sacred Heart (1996) (144 Pages) (Softcover)
Moebius: The Exotics (1996) (84 Pages) (Softcover)

Humanoids

The Eyes of the Cat Deluxe Coffee Table Edition (2011) (56 pages) (Hardcover)
The Incal Deluxe Coffee Table Edition #1: The Black Incal (2013) (48 pages) (Hardcover)
The Incal Deluxe Coffee Table Edition #2: The Luminous Incal (2013) (48 pages) (Hardcover)
The Incal Deluxe Coffee Table Edition #3: What Lies Beneath (2013) (56 pages) (Hardcover)
The Incal Deluxe Coffee Table Edition #4: What Is Above (2013) (60 pages) (Hardcover)
The Incal: Oversized Deluxe Edition (2019) (324 pages) (Hardcover)
Final Incal: Oversized Deluxe Edition (2014) (216 pages) (HardcoveSlipcase)

Graphitti Designs

Moebius ½: The Early Mœbius & Other Humorous Stories (1991) (60 pages) (Softcover)
Moebius 1 (1987) (272 pages) (Hardcover)
Moebius 2 (1988) (220 pages) (Hardcover)
Moebius 3: The Incal (1988) (312 pages) (Hardcover)
Moebius 7 (1990) (220 pages) (Hardcover)

Marvel

Halo: The Graphic Novel (2006) (128 pages) (Hardcover)
Silver Surfer: Parable 30th Anniversary Oversized Edition (2019) (88 pages) (Hardcover)

Epic (Marvel Imprint)

Moebius 1: Upon a Star (1987) (76 pages) (Softcover)
Moebius 2: Arzach & Other Fantasy Stories (1987) (76 pages) (Softcover)
Moebius 3: The Airtight Garage (1987) (124 pages) (Softcover)
Moebius 4: The Long Tomorrow & Other Science Fiction Stories (1987) (74 pages) (Softcover)
Moebius 5: The Gardens of Aedena (1988) (76 pages) (Softcover)
Moebius 6: Pharagonesia & Other Strange Stories (1988) (76 pages) (Softcover)
Moebius 7: The Goddess (1990) (88 pages) (Softcover)
Moebius 8: Mississippi River (1991) (68 pages) (Softcover)
Moebius 9: Stel (1994) (84 pages) (Softcover)
Blueberry 1: Chihuahua Pearl (1989) (100 pages) (Softcover)
Blueberry 2: Ballad for a Coffin (1989) (124 pages) (Softcover)
Blueberry 3: Angel Face (1989) (100 pages) (Softcover)
Blueberry 4: The Ghost Tribe (1990) (100 pages) (Softcover)
Blueberry 5: The End of the Trail (1990) (96 pages) (Softcover)
Marshal Blueberry 1: The Lost Dutchman’s Mine (1991) (116 pages) (Softcover)
Lieutenant Blueberry 1: The Iron Horse (1991) (52 pages) (Softcover)
Lieutenant Blueberry 2: Steelfingers (1991) (52 pages) (Softcover)
Lieutenant Blueberry 3: General Golden Mane (1991) (100 pages) (Softcover)
Catalan Communications
Young Blueberry #1 - Blueberry's Secret (1989) (60 pages) (Softcover)
Young Blueberry #2 - A Yankee Named Blueberry (1990) (60 pages) (Softcover)
Young Blueberry #3 - The Blue Coats (1990) (60 pages) (Softcover)

Egmont/Methuen

Lieutenant Blueberry 1: Fort Navajo (1977) (48 pages) (Softcover)
Lieutenant Blueberry 2: Thunder in the West (1977) (48 pages) (Softcover)
Lieutenant Blueberry 3: Lone Eagle (1978) (48 pages) (Softcover)
Lieutenant Blueberry 4: Mission to Mexico (1978) (48 pages) (Softcover)

Dargaud International

The Man with the Silver Star: A Lieutenant Blueberry adventure (1983) (47 pages) (Softcover)

Mojo Press

The Blueberry Saga (1996) (292 pages) (Softcover)

Heavy Metal Presents

Heavy Metal Presents - Arzach (1977) (64 pages) (Softcover)
Heavy Metal Presents - Is Man Good? (1978) (54 pages) (Softcover)
Heavy Metal Presents - Moebius (1981) (100 pages) (Softcover)
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

SECTION 4: A list of Moebius works which have been released English but never published in a collected edition.

Part 1: Currently Available

The story of an idea (2007) (12 pages) (Pamphlet)
Heavy Metal #300 (2020) (80 pages) (Magazine)

Part 2: Out of Print

Heavy Metal: Volume 2 #1 (1978) (100 pages) (Magazine)
Heavy Metal : Volume 2 #10 (1979) (100 pages) (Magazine)
Heavy Metal: Volume 3 #8 (1979) (100 pages) (Magazine)
Heavy Metal: Volume 4 #4 (1980) (100 pages) (Magazine)
Heavy Metal: Volume 4 #5 (1980) (100 pages) (Magazine)
Heavy Metal: Volume 7 #1 (1983) (100 pages) (Magazine)
Heavy Metal: Volume 11 #2 (1987) (100 pages) (Magazine)
Cheval Noir #46 (1993) (36 pages) (Single issue comic)
Cheval Noir #47 (1993) (36 pages) (Single issue comic)
Cheval Noir #48 (1993) (36 pages) (Single issue comic)
Cheval Noir #49 (1993) (36 pages) (Single issue comic)
Cheval Noir #50 (1994) (52 pages) (Single issue comic)
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

SECTION 5: An overview of Major Moebius works which have never been released in English.


Part 1: Textless works and works which can be enjoyed largely without translation:

40 Days dans le Désert B (1999)
Le Fauna De Mars (2011)

Part 2: Books which still require translation:

Blueberry (6 volumes) (1969 – 2007)
Le Chasseur Déprime (2008)
Arzak L'Arpenteur (2010)
Le Major (2011)
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

SECTION 6: Moebius Art books.

In this section I will give an overview of all Moebius art books, including those which are out of print. There is some overlap between the work in many of these books, and it is not feasible to provide details of the contents, so I will try to include a link to a video/overview where possible. I will focus on the English edition where one is available, however most of these books have been printed in multiple languages, and these editions are often cheaper and easier to find.

Part 1: Currently Available

Chroniques Métalliques et Chaos (2019) (182 pages) (Hardcover)
“Moebius” - Max Ernst Museum Exhibition Catalogue (2019) (272 pages) (Hardcover)

Part 2: Out of Print

Starwatcher (1986) (104 pages) (Hardcover)
Venise Céleste (1984) (104 pages) (Hardcover)
Made in L.A. (1988) (136 pages) (Hardcover)
The Art of Moebius (1989) (91 pages) (Hardcover)
Quatre-vingt huit (1990) (72 pages) (Hardcover)
Chaos (1991) (96 pages) (Hardcover)
Metallic Memories (1992) (96 pages) (Hardcover)
Virtual Meltdown: Images of Moebius (1993) (188 pages) (Hardcover)
Fusion (1995) ( pages) (Hardcover)
Transe Forme (2010) ( pages) (Hardcover)

Part 3: Art Portfolios

[Section to be added at a later date. Contributions are very welcome].
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Sources:
http://www.europeancomics.net/
https://www.comics.org/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Giraud
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blueberry_(comics))
https://archive.org/details/LieutenantBlueberry01FortNavajo/page/n1/mode/2up
https://archive.org/details/LieutenantBlueberry02ThunderInTheWest
https://archive.org/details/LieutenantBlueberry03LoneEagle
https://archive.org/details/LieutenantBlueberry04MissionToMexico
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2020.09.28 06:28 SoBrokeAndPoor I can't believe I'm getting upset over eggs.

My parents used to buy those Costco crates of eggs that had like 15 dozens or something. This was actually fine since my brother devoured them like crazy. But then he moved out. My parents continued to buy a Costco box whenever we ran out but the eggs would just sit there for MONTHS.
I got increasingly anxious about the eggs so one day, I threw them all away (after a few months past the expiration date) when they weren't home. Well when they did come home, they ridiculed, laughed, made jokes about me between themselves and to our relatives. I felt like shit, like I was a fucking clown. I was never going to live down the Great Egg Thrashing of 2019. They got the point because they started buying one dozen of eggs instead. So I put up with all the jokes, at least we won't get sick now.
Then my momma comes waltzing home today with 4 cases of eggs, 18 in each case. Just because they were on sale. We already had two dozens in our fridge so now we have almost 100 eggs. We argued. She claims that as long as the yolk looks good, then the eggs are good (idk if that's true please lmk). She says i "talk too much". She only says that whenever I call her out for hoarding food. We had 3 gallons of milk at one point that expired one after the other. Since all 6 things of eggs won't fit in the fridge, because of course they wouldn't, she decides to make salted eggs out of half of them. Hope she enjoys her new snack, I don't eat that shit.
Dad comes home. She recounts the argument to him. I am once again a laughing stock. "One day pass the expiration date and she'll throw them all out LOL" hahaha go to H-E-single C-sincle K.
They didn't even give a damn that I could hear them. But that's not a surprise since they always talked shit about me in my vicinity. Who fucking cares about my feelings or opinions anyways right. Respecting your own child?? What a foreign concept to them, youngins don't know shit right?
Wtf kinda stupid egg drama is this. Honestly. Eggs are the bomb. Love em. But I might just stop eating them because they remind me of how these two assholes love to beat me down.
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2020.09.28 05:59 rubypoot9 Too many (already been done) newbie Poesie Reviews :p

Disclaimer: I am a newbie to indie perfumes and this was my first ever indie purchase! I’m not the best at picking out notes but I DO have quite a sensitive nose to smells in general in life? Lol… When I was first picking out what I wanted to try I read every single review out there, so why not add another to the pile :)
TAT: Pretty quick to get to me in Canada! I ordered on the 2nd of September, it shipped on the 3rd, and it arrived in my mailbox on the 17th.
How I tested: I got the package in the mail and let it sit 3 whole days before I couldn’t handle waiting anymore. The first two days I tested ones I knew I would love that way the others could have a couple more days of resting before trying them. Haha, I am strategy.
Applied everything to my wrists, elbow crooks, neck, and sternum.
Things I know I like: Gourmands, vanilla, resin, amber, spices, musks, creams/milks, dark/rich scents.
Things I know I dislike: Aquatics, clean/fresh/linen scents.
.....
Athena: Sun-baked Mediterranean herbs and earth, a rich and resinous vanilla spiked with a complex blend of incense and spice, exquisite grey musk.
In the bottle: Clean hand soap, very green herbs (sage??), sweet.
Wet: Vanilla and incense are definitely more noticeable. Thought I would dislike incense but I think I’m into it. The fresh herbs are now spicier and less pungent/astringent than in the bottle. I freakin love this already.
Dry: So much warmth, a tad smokey but I think that’s how I'm interpreting the incense. Rich, sweet, creamy vanilla. Definitely a sexy scent, I feel like a confident woman wearing this haha.
Throughout the day: A faint bit of muskiness comes through once everything else has faded off.
Fiance’s thoughts: Spicy and sweet, he loves it.
Will I repurchase? YES! This is my type of scent all the way. Full-sized to a 10ml rollerball. 5/5
Madar: Creamy Basmati rice pudding flavored with orange flower water, saffron, cinnamon, cardamom, dried rose petals, sugared pistachios.
In the bottle: Powdery, a touch grandma-y.
Wet: Creamy, spicy deliciousness, smells realistically like thick pudding and reminds me of walking into a bubble tea shop! I can really pick out the saffron and rose.
Dry: Has a nice scent cloud. Extremely comforting, soft, cuddly, and I’m surprised at how much I love the rose petals in this.
Throughout the day: Rice pudding (obviously), a bit bready, slightly musky (from the rice maybe?), milky, ugh so good it makes me want to stay inside and sleep all day. I LOVE THIS.
Fiance’s thoughts: Strange enough he said it smells like our local metaphysical/crystal/incense shop? He said “It smells like walking into Crystal Cove on a rainy day!”. Not sure where he gets the incense from but either way, he likes it!
Will I repurchase? 100% ! Immediately bought a full size 10ml rollerball. 5/5
Hera: Slices of yellow cake layered with strawberry jam, fluffy vanilla icing, soft pink lotus blossoms.
In the bottle: Sunscreen? Smuckers strawberry jam scented sunscreen.
Wet: Still sunscreen.
Dry: Very summebeach scent (probably due to the sunscreen lol), does not remind me of cake at all. Started to get plasticky on me which then reminded me of scented barbie dolls. Do you remember as a kid having these dolls that would be scented like different fruits? Peach, strawberry, apple... The mix of the plastic and fake strawberry reminds me of this.
Throughout the day: This one was a scrubber. Quite powerful (throw and longevity) and I started to get a slight headache on my drive to work. I think my skin chem struggles with fruity scents.
Fiance’s thoughts: While he didn’t hate it, he also didn’t love it. He said “If I had to pick the ‘worst’ one, this would be it.”.
Will I repurchase? Most-likely not but I will keep the sample around to test it after it rests some more. 1/5
Forest Cat: Fuzzy paws tinged with earth, night forest, grey fur musk, milky breath.
In the bottle: Cool, mossy, smells like the dampness on a foggy morning? interesting.
Wet: Pine, cool, musk, a little soap-y.
Dry: Gets sweeter once on my skin, the pine becomes less astringent/stingy to my nose.
Throughout the day: If I hold my wrist to my nose it’s still too strong on the pine but away from my nose I get a cool, sweet, vanilla milk scent. After 4 ish hours it softens up and the pine is way less noticeable. Seems like a great unisex scent.
Fiance’s thoughts: He says it smells like morning dew in a forest lol. He likes it.
Will I repurchase? I really want to like this because I love musks and milks (and cats) so I’m gonna let it rest some more and revisit. Would be perfect if the pine were dialed down a little. 4/5
Secret Boyfriend: A mountain of light fluffy marshmallows, your secret boyfriend's leather jacket, pine and cedar, a wisp of smoke.
In the bottle: Smokey, can’t smell much else.
Wet: Reminds me a lot of my current mainstream perfume “Noire” by Tom Ford!
Dry: Smokey bonfire, amber-y, incense burning in a metaphysical shop, ooey gooey caramalized marshmallows, vanilla. My lungs feel spicy breathing this in, and catches at the back of my throat but I like it lol
Throughout the day: Surprisingly didn’t get much pine - fine by me. I wish I could smell a little more leather. Had a lot of throw because my fiance could smell me across the room.
Fiance’s thoughts: He likes this a lot, says it smells EXACTLY like a campfire, and he said he prefers this over Athena.
Will I repurchase? Yes totally would repurchase! 5/5
Versailles: Golden cake, intoxicating orange blossom, fluffy vanilla citrus icing, blood orange.
In the bottle: SWEET fruity candy!
Wet: Again, this is strange, I get a cherry or raspberry flavoured gummy candy smell! Very recognizable but I cannot for the life of me put my finger on exactly what candy it is.
Dry: Dries down to a very soft pure fluffy vanilla cake. Very foodie, simple, I don’t have many words to describe this one but its delicious and yeah. Just simple yummy cake.
Throughout the day: Would match well with my plain vanilla bean scented body wash. Light, soft, inoffensive, barely there but sweet.
Fiance’s thoughts: He didn’t get to smell this one but I can almost guarantee he would like it.
Will I repurchase? Yes, sure, but later! I decided to not repurchase this asap because I have a ton more samples on their way and this scent is very simple, therefore I want to wait and see if there are others that I’d rather FS first. She’s a responsible spender. :p But 5/5 would repurchase this at a later date, it’s a staple vanilla cake scent.
Zitkala-sa: Juicy apple, butterscotch and caramalized vanilla, rosewood, cedar, sweet clover.
In the bottle: Screams apple. In your face lol. I can tell they are definitely fresh and not cooked apples, they’re a little sour.
Wet: Still strong apple. Alcohol/stingy to the nose.
Dry: Gets better as it dries down. The tiniest whiff of caramel and cinnamon?
Throughout the day: Okay the sour apple has completely faded away and now all I get is vanilla and clovefloral. Reminds me too much of walking into B&BW, very candle wax-y.
Fiance’s thoughts: He says it smells like candy.
Will I repurchase? No, maybe I’m not as into apple scents as I thought? Or maybe it wasn’t as realistically apple as I thought it’d be. 2/5
Emmeline Pankhurst: Black tea swirled with vanilla cream, cold rain on stone, soft linen, cozy musk.
In the bottle: Subtle, powdery yet clean? Maybe humid is the word I’m looking for. Fresh out of the shower, steamy.
Wet: Warm blanket out of the dryer, bitterness from the black tea, creamy vanilla. Right off the bat seemed like a sophisticated scent.
Dry: Is there lavender in this? Smells a touch of lavender and would definitely make for a good bedtime scent.
Throughout the day: This might be weird, but growing up my mom was obsessed with Johnson and Johnsons baby lotion and she would slather it all over herself after a shower, and this smells exactly like that!
Fiance’s thoughts: Again somehow reminds him of my Tom Ford Noire perfume.
Will I repurchase? I can see why other people love this but I would choose to wear other scents over this one. 3/5
Innocence: Sweet peach skin, delicate coconut milk, comforting skin musk.
In the bottle: Fresh, soapy skin, just after shower scent.
Wet: Bright, green peach, very body spray-esque. It smells like it has an alcohol base even though it doesn’t….
Dry & Throughout the day: A tad sweeter but still quite strong and body spray. I’m not getting much coconut milk.
Fiance’s thoughts: He didn’t get to smell this one.
Will I repurchase? Either fruit notes aren’t doing particularly well on my skin or there might be a better “peach” option out there for me. I think I prefer things on the gourmand side and was hoping for a more “peaches and cream” scent. Probably would not reorder this one. 2/5
Fan Dance: Sugar-dusted tart raspberries, vanilla bean, powder-white skin.
In the bottle: Definitely get the raspberries, fresh and fruity, sugary and slightly floral like walking into a Lush store?
Wet: Really sweet, candy-like, tart raspberries, yummy and simple. Honestly hard to describe because it smells exactly as it says! Pure sugar dusted raspberries and milky vanilla.
Dry & Throughout the day: Fades into a raspberry bubble bath soap. Not in a bad way though, it’s very soft and comforting. I would actually wear this as a light bedtime scent! Reminds me of a softer version of Daisy Eau so Fresh by Marc Jacobs.
Sweet, girly, milky, slightly soapy/clean, soft, I like it a lot.
Fiance’s thoughts: He couldn’t really tell which fruit it was but he said it’s just sweet and he liked it!
Will I repurchase? Yes! I’ll repurchase this in the spring once I’m over all of the fall scents that are out right now. It’s definitely a versatile scent, good for daytime or bedtime IMO. 5/5
Twice to Tea: A strongly brewed cup of Earl Grey tea delicately infused with all natural lavender absolute, sweetened with vanilla syrup, and lightened with a splash of milk.
In the bottle: Strong astringent lavender, very Aveda or Lush vibes. Less creamy/warm than I thought it would be but still nice.
Wet: Okay in the bottle it was an astringent type of lavender- like sniffing pure lavender essential oil. But on the skin it becomes better, softer and sweeter.
Dry & Throughout the day: Fancy bar soap. I think the lavender and tea turn to soap on my skin.
Fiance’s thoughts: He can’t seem to pick up on the lavender somehow? Sometimes he thinks everything smells like vanilla lol.
Will I repurchase? Probably not just because of how soapy it was on my skin. 2/5
Cybele: Orange blossom, creamy almond, burning resins, a lion's mane warmed in the sun, shimmering hints of honey.
In the bottle: Okay unfortunately, this didn’t make it out of the bottle for me. Very strong, resinous, spicy, sharp, and burn-y to my nose. Reminded me of Axe. It could also possibly need more rest, so I’m not going to count this one out just yet! 1/5 (for now)
Overall Review: I was very happy with my Poesie order and would for sure order again! All of the scents seemed well blended even though not all of them were my thing. I love their vibe, and was pleasantly surprised with how many “hits” I got for my first time ordering! I learned that lavender, tea, and some fruits may be “death” notes for me. Either that or they don’t mesh well with my skin chem and turn to soap. On the good end I found out that I like incense scents and I ended up with 2 full sizes ordered! :)
Hope these reviews helped anyone thinking of making a purchase!
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2020.09.28 05:01 gnikivar2 No Migrants In My Backyard: How Bad Urban Planning Created a Humanitarian Disaster in India

Rajesh Chouhan, a construction worker in the city of Bangalore, walked for ten consecutive days and 1,200 miles to reach his home village of Srinagar Babaganj in Bihar. Rajesh Chouhan was one of millions of migrants who, in the aftermath of COVID-19 and the government response to the pandemic, chose to return to their home villages. India in March of 2020 implemented one of the most stringent lockdowns in the world, closing nearly every worksite in the country, including the construction site Rajesh Chouhan worked upon. The threadbare Indian welfare state did not have The government had closed all between city transportation in an effort to stop COVID-19 from spreading city to city. As a result, Rajesh Chouhan and millions of other migrants, have faced hunger, thirst, and beatings by police to return home. To understand the desperate situation on Indian migrants, one must first understand the haphazard process of urbanization of India. In part one of today's podcast episode, I will discuss the problem of low urbanization in India, while in parts two and three I will focus on how an inability to build sufficient housing, and a welfare state that is not built to serve the needs of the migrant population.
At first glance, it might seem paradoxical to state that India suffers from a lack of urbanization. Between 1993 and 2018, India's urbanization rate increased from 26% to 34% and over 139 million people from rural areas have migrated to urban areas. However, urbanization in India has been slow when compared to other rapidly developing economies such as Bangladesh, Vietnam and Indonesia. India's low urbanization is especially clear in comparison to China. China's urbanization advantage isn't just a function of higher levels of development, and faster rates of growth. Over the last 6 years, per capita incomes in India and China have grown by similar amounts, but the rate of increased urbanization in China during this same period is three times that of India. The disparity can be explained by the fact that productivity in urban China, driven by a booming export oriented manufacturing industry is 3.2 times that of rural China, while productivity in the service driven economies of urban India are only 1.6 times more productive than rural India. At the same time, due to a regulatory framework that makes building new housing inordinately difficult, the cost of prime real estate in Beijing and Shanghai are half of those of Mumbai and Delhi.
The low rate of urbanization and geographic mobility acts as a severe brake on economic growth in India. Wages in rural India are 45% lower than in urban India, while the differential in China is only 10%. The poorest states in India has a per capita income in the richest states are 6 times that the poorest, with the gap only getting wider and wider. Similarly, poverty in rural India is at 29.6% while it is at 9.2% in urban India. Over the last 6 years, levels of consumption have actually declined in rural India, while it has grown at over 15% in the bottom to deciles of urban India, the fastest out of any region in India. Rural India is suffering from ever shrinking plots of land, and burgeoning environmental crisis, while India's most dynamic industries are concentrated in major metropolitan areas. Urbanization must accelerate if India's poor are to take advantage rapid economic growth.
One of the most important obstacles to urbanization in India is the difficulty of building housing in India. First, most urban zoning bodies in India maintain excessively low Floor Space Indexes, regulations on how high building can be built. In most urban areas allowed FSI in the urban core is between 5 and 15, while around .5 in the suburbs with legally mandated levels higher. Given India's high levels of density, one would expect allowed FSI to be much high in India. However, the opposite is the case. For example, in Mumbai, until 2015, allowed FSI of only 1.33 in the urban core and 1 in the suburbs. Similarly, FSI in Delhi is limited to between 1.2 and 3.5 in Delhi and to between 1.5 and 2.5 in Kolkata. Compounding this problem, Indian states maintain some of the strictest rent control laws in the world in the 1950s. These laws made it all but impossible to evict renters, and forced landlords to raise rents at rates less than that of inflation. Unsurprisingly, landlords became much less willing to rent to tenants. Between 1961 and 2011, the share of rental housing in urban India declined from 54% to 31%, with the trend most pronounced in the regions of India with the strongest rent control laws. In 1961, Mumbai had roughly even amounts of rental and owner occupied housing. By 2011, 95% of new housing stock was owner occupied, and only 5% rental. My own grandfather rented a house. Even after moving to the United States, we kept the property as the landlord was neither able to raise the rent or evict us. Eventually, the landlord said that given postage cost more than the rent we paid, we no longer even had to pay rent. When a developer wanted to build a taller building more people, he had to pay both the landlord and us to let him tear down a house we neither lived in or paid rent for.
Finally, purchasing agricultural land in India is a legal nightmare. One must first navigate a bureaucratic thicket filled with officials collecting bribes at every location to change land use from agricultural to non agricultural use. Moreover, land registers in India are woefully out of date. If a major developer wants to buy a piece of land, every individual plausible claim makes it. The developer must either wait for the courts to resolve the case, or to settle with each claimant individually. Indian courts suffer from a backlog of 31 million cases, and a quarter of land cases take more than a decade to resolve. The combination of low mandated Floor Space Indexes, rent control policies, and the difficulty of buying new land make building new housing in India artificially expensive, raising rents for India's urban to rural migrants. Due to extreme housing costs, the average resident of urban India has only 117 square feet to live in. In slums like Dharavi it is common for ten men to share a single room, and many laborers choose to live and sleep on construction costs to save on rent. It should hardly be surprising that such expensive costs deter many from moving to the city.
Finally, India's welfare system is poorly equipped to deal with rural to urban migration. India has long had systems of social insurance based upon caste affiliation. For poorer members of more prosperous castes, losing access to interest and collateral free loans, and assistance in case of emergency can cause many to choose not to move to distant urban areas where such networks become attenuated. At the same time, India's government sponsored formal sector exacerbates these problems. In India, it is the rural poor who vote more than anyone else, and poorly conceived redistricting means that rural votes count for more than their urban counterparts. One of the landmark welfare schemes of the previous government of Manmohan Singh was NREGA, a government sponsored public works program that provided all rural residents with 100 days of paid work. The public works program reduced migration to urban areas by rural people who could not read or write by 32%. Similarly, India's Public Distribution System, a network of stores that offers food grains and other essentials at highly subsidized prices distributes on the basis of the registration of one's ration card. Migrants are locked out of the system, making the cost of food substantially higher for them. At the beginning of 2020, the government of Narendra Modi introduced plans to make ration cards portable. However, only pilot programs for "One Nation, One Ration Card" had been introduced when the COVID-19 crisis began.
India's rural to urban migrants on one hand must pay higher rents due to inadequate housing construction, while at the same time receiving substantially less in welfare benefits. The negative effects of these two impediments to urbanization became clear when the COVID-19 crisis started. At first, the government tried to force migrants to stay in urban areas. However, it quickly became clear that the state did not have the administrative capacity to stop all migration. Moreover, heartrending stories of migrants facing hunger and extreme deprivation made such a strategy politically untenable as well. Various state government started repatriating large numbers of migrants, in the process spreading COVID-19 to poor states with limited hospital and testing capacity. At the same time, rural areas have been hard hit by India's economic crisis. There are few jobs available to returning migrants, adding more strain to already impoverished communities. Dealing with the twin public health and economic challenge will prove to be a Herculean challenge for India. Selected Sources: Emerging Pattern of Urbanisation in India, RB Bhagat Poverty and inequality in India: a re-examination, Angus Deaton, Jean Dreze Reforms and Regional Inequality in India, Sabyaschi Kal, S. Sakthivel Falling Water Tables - Sustaining Agriculture The challenges of groundwater management in India, Malik R.P.S Mumbai FAFSI conundrum, Alain Bertaud Decline of rental housing in India: the case of Mumbai, Vaidehi Tandel, Shirish Patel, Sahil Gandhi, Abhay Pethe and Kabir Agarwal Land Markets and Regional Government Rent Seeking Behavior, Kai Kajitani Why is Mobility in India so Low? Social Insurance, Inequality, and Growth, Kaivan Munshi , M The Impact of NREGS on Urbanization in India, Shamika Ravi, Rahul Ahluwalia
www.wealthofnationspodcast.com https://media.blubrry.com/wealthofnationspodcast/s/content.blubrry.com/wealthofnationspodcast/India-Rural_Migrants.mp3
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2020.09.28 05:01 gnikivar2 No Migrants In My Backyard: How Bad Urban Planning Created a Humanitarian Disaster in India

Rajesh Chouhan, a construction worker in the city of Bangalore, walked for ten consecutive days and 1,200 miles to reach his home village of Srinagar Babaganj in Bihar. Rajesh Chouhan was one of millions of migrants who, in the aftermath of COVID-19 and the government response to the pandemic, chose to return to their home villages. India in March of 2020 implemented one of the most stringent lockdowns in the world, closing nearly every worksite in the country, including the construction site Rajesh Chouhan worked upon. The threadbare Indian welfare state did not have The government had closed all between city transportation in an effort to stop COVID-19 from spreading city to city. As a result, Rajesh Chouhan and millions of other migrants, have faced hunger, thirst, and beatings by police to return home. To understand the desperate situation on Indian migrants, one must first understand the haphazard process of urbanization of India. In part one of today's podcast episode, I will discuss the problem of low urbanization in India, while in parts two and three I will focus on how an inability to build sufficient housing, and a welfare state that is not built to serve the needs of the migrant population.
At first glance, it might seem paradoxical to state that India suffers from a lack of urbanization. Between 1993 and 2018, India's urbanization rate increased from 26% to 34% and over 139 million people from rural areas have migrated to urban areas. However, urbanization in India has been slow when compared to other rapidly developing economies such as Bangladesh, Vietnam and Indonesia. India's low urbanization is especially clear in comparison to China. China's urbanization advantage isn't just a function of higher levels of development, and faster rates of growth. Over the last 6 years, per capita incomes in India and China have grown by similar amounts, but the rate of increased urbanization in China during this same period is three times that of India. The disparity can be explained by the fact that productivity in urban China, driven by a booming export oriented manufacturing industry is 3.2 times that of rural China, while productivity in the service driven economies of urban India are only 1.6 times more productive than rural India. At the same time, due to a regulatory framework that makes building new housing inordinately difficult, the cost of prime real estate in Beijing and Shanghai are half of those of Mumbai and Delhi.
The low rate of urbanization and geographic mobility acts as a severe brake on economic growth in India. Wages in rural India are 45% lower than in urban India, while the differential in China is only 10%. The poorest states in India has a per capita income in the richest states are 6 times that the poorest, with the gap only getting wider and wider. Similarly, poverty in rural India is at 29.6% while it is at 9.2% in urban India. Over the last 6 years, levels of consumption have actually declined in rural India, while it has grown at over 15% in the bottom to deciles of urban India, the fastest out of any region in India. Rural India is suffering from ever shrinking plots of land, and burgeoning environmental crisis, while India's most dynamic industries are concentrated in major metropolitan areas. Urbanization must accelerate if India's poor are to take advantage rapid economic growth.
One of the most important obstacles to urbanization in India is the difficulty of building housing in India. First, most urban zoning bodies in India maintain excessively low Floor Space Indexes, regulations on how high building can be built. In most urban areas allowed FSI in the urban core is between 5 and 15, while around .5 in the suburbs with legally mandated levels higher. Given India's high levels of density, one would expect allowed FSI to be much high in India. However, the opposite is the case. For example, in Mumbai, until 2015, allowed FSI of only 1.33 in the urban core and 1 in the suburbs. Similarly, FSI in Delhi is limited to between 1.2 and 3.5 in Delhi and to between 1.5 and 2.5 in Kolkata. Compounding this problem, Indian states maintain some of the strictest rent control laws in the world in the 1950s. These laws made it all but impossible to evict renters, and forced landlords to raise rents at rates less than that of inflation. Unsurprisingly, landlords became much less willing to rent to tenants. Between 1961 and 2011, the share of rental housing in urban India declined from 54% to 31%, with the trend most pronounced in the regions of India with the strongest rent control laws. In 1961, Mumbai had roughly even amounts of rental and owner occupied housing. By 2011, 95% of new housing stock was owner occupied, and only 5% rental. My own grandfather rented a house. Even after moving to the United States, we kept the property as the landlord was neither able to raise the rent or evict us. Eventually, the landlord said that given postage cost more than the rent we paid, we no longer even had to pay rent. When a developer wanted to build a taller building more people, he had to pay both the landlord and us to let him tear down a house we neither lived in or paid rent for.
Finally, purchasing agricultural land in India is a legal nightmare. One must first navigate a bureaucratic thicket filled with officials collecting bribes at every location to change land use from agricultural to non agricultural use. Moreover, land registers in India are woefully out of date. If a major developer wants to buy a piece of land, every individual plausible claim makes it. The developer must either wait for the courts to resolve the case, or to settle with each claimant individually. Indian courts suffer from a backlog of 31 million cases, and a quarter of land cases take more than a decade to resolve. The combination of low mandated Floor Space Indexes, rent control policies, and the difficulty of buying new land make building new housing in India artificially expensive, raising rents for India's urban to rural migrants. Due to extreme housing costs, the average resident of urban India has only 117 square feet to live in. In slums like Dharavi it is common for ten men to share a single room, and many laborers choose to live and sleep on construction costs to save on rent. It should hardly be surprising that such expensive costs deter many from moving to the city.
Finally, India's welfare system is poorly equipped to deal with rural to urban migration. India has long had systems of social insurance based upon caste affiliation. For poorer members of more prosperous castes, losing access to interest and collateral free loans, and assistance in case of emergency can cause many to choose not to move to distant urban areas where such networks become attenuated. At the same time, India's government sponsored formal sector exacerbates these problems. In India, it is the rural poor who vote more than anyone else, and poorly conceived redistricting means that rural votes count for more than their urban counterparts. One of the landmark welfare schemes of the previous government of Manmohan Singh was NREGA, a government sponsored public works program that provided all rural residents with 100 days of paid work. The public works program reduced migration to urban areas by rural people who could not read or write by 32%. Similarly, India's Public Distribution System, a network of stores that offers food grains and other essentials at highly subsidized prices distributes on the basis of the registration of one's ration card. Migrants are locked out of the system, making the cost of food substantially higher for them. At the beginning of 2020, the government of Narendra Modi introduced plans to make ration cards portable. However, only pilot programs for "One Nation, One Ration Card" had been introduced when the COVID-19 crisis began.
India's rural to urban migrants on one hand must pay higher rents due to inadequate housing construction, while at the same time receiving substantially less in welfare benefits. The negative effects of these two impediments to urbanization became clear when the COVID-19 crisis started. At first, the government tried to force migrants to stay in urban areas. However, it quickly became clear that the state did not have the administrative capacity to stop all migration. Moreover, heartrending stories of migrants facing hunger and extreme deprivation made such a strategy politically untenable as well. Various state government started repatriating large numbers of migrants, in the process spreading COVID-19 to poor states with limited hospital and testing capacity. At the same time, rural areas have been hard hit by India's economic crisis. There are few jobs available to returning migrants, adding more strain to already impoverished communities. Dealing with the twin public health and economic challenge will prove to be a Herculean challenge for India. Selected Sources: Emerging Pattern of Urbanisation in India, RB Bhagat Poverty and inequality in India: a re-examination, Angus Deaton, Jean Dreze Reforms and Regional Inequality in India, Sabyaschi Kal, S. Sakthivel Falling Water Tables - Sustaining Agriculture The challenges of groundwater management in India, Malik R.P.S Mumbai FAFSI conundrum, Alain Bertaud Decline of rental housing in India: the case of Mumbai, Vaidehi Tandel, Shirish Patel, Sahil Gandhi, Abhay Pethe and Kabir Agarwal Land Markets and Regional Government Rent Seeking Behavior, Kai Kajitani Why is Mobility in India so Low? Social Insurance, Inequality, and Growth, Kaivan Munshi , M The Impact of NREGS on Urbanization in India, Shamika Ravi, Rahul Ahluwalia
www.wealthofnationspodcast.com https://media.blubrry.com/wealthofnationspodcast/s/content.blubrry.com/wealthofnationspodcast/India-Rural_Migrants.mp3
submitted by gnikivar2 to GeoPodcasts [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 05:00 gnikivar2 No Migrants In My Backyard: How Bad Urban Planning Created a Humanitarian Disaster in India

Rajesh Chouhan, a construction worker in the city of Bangalore, walked for ten consecutive days and 1,200 miles to reach his home village of Srinagar Babaganj in Bihar. Rajesh Chouhan was one of millions of migrants who, in the aftermath of COVID-19 and the government response to the pandemic, chose to return to their home villages. India in March of 2020 implemented one of the most stringent lockdowns in the world, closing nearly every worksite in the country, including the construction site Rajesh Chouhan worked upon. The threadbare Indian welfare state did not have The government had closed all between city transportation in an effort to stop COVID-19 from spreading city to city. As a result, Rajesh Chouhan and millions of other migrants, have faced hunger, thirst, and beatings by police to return home. To understand the desperate situation on Indian migrants, one must first understand the haphazard process of urbanization of India. In part one of today's podcast episode, I will discuss the problem of low urbanization in India, while in parts two and three I will focus on how an inability to build sufficient housing, and a welfare state that is not built to serve the needs of the migrant population.
At first glance, it might seem paradoxical to state that India suffers from a lack of urbanization. Between 1993 and 2018, India's urbanization rate increased from 26% to 34% and over 139 million people from rural areas have migrated to urban areas. However, urbanization in India has been slow when compared to other rapidly developing economies such as Bangladesh, Vietnam and Indonesia. India's low urbanization is especially clear in comparison to China. China's urbanization advantage isn't just a function of higher levels of development, and faster rates of growth. Over the last 6 years, per capita incomes in India and China have grown by similar amounts, but the rate of increased urbanization in China during this same period is three times that of India. The disparity can be explained by the fact that productivity in urban China, driven by a booming export oriented manufacturing industry is 3.2 times that of rural China, while productivity in the service driven economies of urban India are only 1.6 times more productive than rural India. At the same time, due to a regulatory framework that makes building new housing inordinately difficult, the cost of prime real estate in Beijing and Shanghai are half of those of Mumbai and Delhi.
The low rate of urbanization and geographic mobility acts as a severe brake on economic growth in India. Wages in rural India are 45% lower than in urban India, while the differential in China is only 10%. The poorest states in India has a per capita income in the richest states are 6 times that the poorest, with the gap only getting wider and wider. Similarly, poverty in rural India is at 29.6% while it is at 9.2% in urban India. Over the last 6 years, levels of consumption have actually declined in rural India, while it has grown at over 15% in the bottom to deciles of urban India, the fastest out of any region in India. Rural India is suffering from ever shrinking plots of land, and burgeoning environmental crisis, while India's most dynamic industries are concentrated in major metropolitan areas. Urbanization must accelerate if India's poor are to take advantage rapid economic growth.
One of the most important obstacles to urbanization in India is the difficulty of building housing in India. First, most urban zoning bodies in India maintain excessively low Floor Space Indexes, regulations on how high building can be built. In most urban areas allowed FSI in the urban core is between 5 and 15, while around .5 in the suburbs with legally mandated levels higher. Given India's high levels of density, one would expect allowed FSI to be much high in India. However, the opposite is the case. For example, in Mumbai, until 2015, allowed FSI of only 1.33 in the urban core and 1 in the suburbs. Similarly, FSI in Delhi is limited to between 1.2 and 3.5 in Delhi and to between 1.5 and 2.5 in Kolkata. Compounding this problem, Indian states maintain some of the strictest rent control laws in the world in the 1950s. These laws made it all but impossible to evict renters, and forced landlords to raise rents at rates less than that of inflation. Unsurprisingly, landlords became much less willing to rent to tenants. Between 1961 and 2011, the share of rental housing in urban India declined from 54% to 31%, with the trend most pronounced in the regions of India with the strongest rent control laws. In 1961, Mumbai had roughly even amounts of rental and owner occupied housing. By 2011, 95% of new housing stock was owner occupied, and only 5% rental. My own grandfather rented a house. Even after moving to the United States, we kept the property as the landlord was neither able to raise the rent or evict us. Eventually, the landlord said that given postage cost more than the rent we paid, we no longer even had to pay rent. When a developer wanted to build a taller building more people, he had to pay both the landlord and us to let him tear down a house we neither lived in or paid rent for.
Finally, purchasing agricultural land in India is a legal nightmare. One must first navigate a bureaucratic thicket filled with officials collecting bribes at every location to change land use from agricultural to non agricultural use. Moreover, land registers in India are woefully out of date. If a major developer wants to buy a piece of land, every individual plausible claim makes it. The developer must either wait for the courts to resolve the case, or to settle with each claimant individually. Indian courts suffer from a backlog of 31 million cases, and a quarter of land cases take more than a decade to resolve. The combination of low mandated Floor Space Indexes, rent control policies, and the difficulty of buying new land make building new housing in India artificially expensive, raising rents for India's urban to rural migrants. Due to extreme housing costs, the average resident of urban India has only 117 square feet to live in. In slums like Dharavi it is common for ten men to share a single room, and many laborers choose to live and sleep on construction costs to save on rent. It should hardly be surprising that such expensive costs deter many from moving to the city.
Finally, India's welfare system is poorly equipped to deal with rural to urban migration. India has long had systems of social insurance based upon caste affiliation. For poorer members of more prosperous castes, losing access to interest and collateral free loans, and assistance in case of emergency can cause many to choose not to move to distant urban areas where such networks become attenuated. At the same time, India's government sponsored formal sector exacerbates these problems. In India, it is the rural poor who vote more than anyone else, and poorly conceived redistricting means that rural votes count for more than their urban counterparts. One of the landmark welfare schemes of the previous government of Manmohan Singh was NREGA, a government sponsored public works program that provided all rural residents with 100 days of paid work. The public works program reduced migration to urban areas by rural people who could not read or write by 32%. Similarly, India's Public Distribution System, a network of stores that offers food grains and other essentials at highly subsidized prices distributes on the basis of the registration of one's ration card. Migrants are locked out of the system, making the cost of food substantially higher for them. At the beginning of 2020, the government of Narendra Modi introduced plans to make ration cards portable. However, only pilot programs for "One Nation, One Ration Card" had been introduced when the COVID-19 crisis began.
India's rural to urban migrants on one hand must pay higher rents due to inadequate housing construction, while at the same time receiving substantially less in welfare benefits. The negative effects of these two impediments to urbanization became clear when the COVID-19 crisis started. At first, the government tried to force migrants to stay in urban areas. However, it quickly became clear that the state did not have the administrative capacity to stop all migration. Moreover, heartrending stories of migrants facing hunger and extreme deprivation made such a strategy politically untenable as well. Various state government started repatriating large numbers of migrants, in the process spreading COVID-19 to poor states with limited hospital and testing capacity. At the same time, rural areas have been hard hit by India's economic crisis. There are few jobs available to returning migrants, adding more strain to already impoverished communities. Dealing with the twin public health and economic challenge will prove to be a Herculean challenge for India. Selected Sources: Emerging Pattern of Urbanisation in India, RB Bhagat Poverty and inequality in India: a re-examination, Angus Deaton, Jean Dreze Reforms and Regional Inequality in India, Sabyaschi Kal, S. Sakthivel Falling Water Tables - Sustaining Agriculture The challenges of groundwater management in India, Malik R.P.S Mumbai FAFSI conundrum, Alain Bertaud Decline of rental housing in India: the case of Mumbai, Vaidehi Tandel, Shirish Patel, Sahil Gandhi, Abhay Pethe and Kabir Agarwal Land Markets and Regional Government Rent Seeking Behavior, Kai Kajitani Why is Mobility in India so Low? Social Insurance, Inequality, and Growth, Kaivan Munshi , M The Impact of NREGS on Urbanization in India, Shamika Ravi, Rahul Ahluwalia
www.wealthofnationspodcast.com https://media.blubrry.com/wealthofnationspodcast/s/content.blubrry.com/wealthofnationspodcast/India-Rural_Migrants.mp3
submitted by gnikivar2 to neoliberal [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 04:28 prettyxxreckless Might be into my friend? Not sure I want a relationship though?

So I'm in a bit of a pickle... Here's the conundrum.
My (24F) male friend (24M) asked me out around a year and a half-ago... He wanted to go on a date with me. I rejected him because I was currently dating someone else at the time (and he didn't know). He took the rejection like a gentleman and we remained friends.
This friend dated one of my close friends and hurt her emotionally (over 3 years ago)... She is now currently in a new, solid relationship and is happy with her current boyfriend (they are making plans to move in together if covid ever ends...) So she's moved on and happy...
Now I'm single (have been for almost a year now) and I'm pretty sure he is too... We've been spending a lot of time together lately and I keep feeling the sexual tension rising...
I'm slightly worried he's going to ask me out again... And I'm not sure I know how I will respond... I don't really want a relationship right now, but I do feel attracted to him? He's not really into commitment either but yet he still wanted to date me? I feel like if I keep hanging out with him he'll eventually ask me out and I genuinely 100% won't know what to do with myself...
Any one out there been in this position before? Got any advice?
submitted by prettyxxreckless to dating_advice [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 04:28 StevenStevens43 The Gaelic uprisings

The Gaelic uprisings
The real Arvirargus revealed:
To find out why "Marius" in the quote below, is almost definitely the same person as Sallustius Lucullus, you will need to first read my previous article to establish why this is.
Reading this article without first establishing the basic foundations, will deem this article useless.
So i will leave a link right here below, for the article you should first read, before coming back and reading this one.
Sallustius Lucullus
Link for article
Marius:
Now i will introduce Sallustius Lucullus/Marius.
The legendary Marius is the son of the legendary Arvirargus.
Marius
Marius was a legendary king of the Britons) during the time of the Roman occupation of Britain, as recounted in Geoffrey of Monmouth's pseudohistorical Historia Regum Britanniae. He was the son of King Arvirargus and ruled following his father's death.
Arvirargus:
And in turn, the legendary Arvirargus is the son of the legendary Kimbelinus.
According to Geoffrey, Arvirargus is a son of the former king Kimbelinus. Arvirargus
Kimbelinus:
However, it turns out that Kimbelinus is not legendary in the slightest.
Archaelogists have found his coins all over southern britain, marked "rex", which means he was a client king for the Romans.
Also he is written about in Roman records.
Quite simply, he is the same person as Cunobelinus, and Kimbelinus is simply a his name in a different dialect.
Cunobeline
Cunobeline (or Cunobelin, from Latin Cunobelinus, derived from Common Brittonic \Cunobelinos* "Strong as a Dog", "Strong Dog") was a king in pre-Roman Britain from about AD 9 until about AD 40.[1] He is mentioned in passing by the classical historians Suetonius and Dio Cassius, and many coins bearing his inscription have been found. He controlled a substantial portion of south-eastern Britain, including the territories of the Catuvellauni and the Trinovantes, and is called "King of the Britons" (Britannorum rex) by Suetonius.[2] He appears to have been recognized by Roman emperor Augustus as a client king, as testified by the use of the Latin title Rex on his coins. Cunobeline appears in British legend as Cynfelyn (Welsh), Kymbelinus (medieval Latin) or Cymbeline, as in the play by William Shakespeare.
Link for photo
Coins of Cunobelinus
Sallustius Lucullius:
Now not much more is known about Sellustius Lucallius beyond him having likely been a consul, aswell as a client king before being executed in 85 AD when the Roman empire began doing away with their client kings in favour of more direct ownership of British lands.
Also if you find it unbelievable that a Gaelic speaking Celt named Marius might have a Latinised name of "Sallustius Lucullus", then i will leave a photo of the Roman emperor Caligula.
Sallustius Lucullus
Anything more about Lucullus is conjecture or inference: for example, since every other known governor of Roman Britain had been a consul prior to being appointed governor, it is reasonable to assume Lucullus also had been consul; since all of the consuls from the year 85 until past the death of Domitian are known, he must have been consul before the year 85.
Link for photo
Marble bust of Roman emperor Caligula
Amminus:
Now, if you have read my previous article, and you still have doubts about them being the same person, then know, that everything i have said, is pretty much now accepted as a contemporary theory amongst contemporary historians and scholars, as confirmed confirmed below.
But, from now on, i will use the name Marius to remain consistant with popular opinion.
Sallustius Lucullus
A second theory was proposed by Dr. Miles Russell of Bournemouth University. An inscription from Chichester, recorded by Samuel Woodford in his Inscriptionum Romano-Britannicarum Conllectio (1658) but since lost, refers to Sallustius Lucullus, giving his praenomen as Gaius and describing him as a propraetorian legate of the emperor Domitian. Another inscription from Chichester, discovered in 1923, refers to a "Lucullus, son of Amminus". Russell argues that this is the same Lucullus, and that his father was the native British prince Amminus, son of Cunobelinus, who fled to Rome c. 40.
Boudica:
Now Marius would have been at his prime just around the time of the Boudica revolt in 60 AD.
Boudica
Boudica or Boudicca (UK: /ˈbuːdɪkə, boʊˈdɪkə/, US: /buːˈdɪkə/), also known as Boadicea (/ˌboʊ(ə)dɪˈsiːə/, also US: /ˌboʊæd-/) or Boudicea, and in Welsh as Buddug (IPA: [ˈbɨðɨɡ]),[1][2] was a queen of the British Celtic Iceni tribe who led an uprising against the conquering forces of the Roman Empire in AD 60 or 61. She died shortly after its failure and was said to have poisoned herself. She is considered a British folk hero.[3]
Link for photo_by_John_Opie.jpg)
Boudicea painting
Roman conquest:
Of course, the uprising was caused by the Roman empire trying to take ownership of the kingdoms and lands.
They were previously self governing provences that had good trade relations with Rome.
But when Boudiceas husband died, his will was ignored by the emperor, who done the same to Boudica as he was doing to other client kings and queens, and he took Boudicas kingdom from her.
According to Tacitus, he also turned her in to a slave, and she and her daughters also raped.
Boudica
Boudica's husband Prasutagus, with whom she had two children whose names are unknown, ruled as a nominally independent ally of Rome, and left his kingdom jointly to his daughters and to the Roman emperor in his will. However, when he died, his will was ignored, and the kingdom was annexed and his property taken. According to Tacitus, Boudica was flogged and her daughters raped.[4] Cassius Dio explains Boudica's response by saying that previous imperial donations to influential Britons were confiscated and the Roman financier and philosopher Seneca called in the loans he had forced on the reluctant Britons.[5]
Link for photo
Iceni territory
Uprising:
Boudica and her Iceni tribe led an uprising which almost removed the Roman empire from Britain, by destroying Roman Britains most important settlements.
Boudica
In AD 60 or 61, when the Roman governor Gaius Suetonius Paulinus was campaigning on the island of Mona (modern Anglesey) on the northwest coast of Wales, Boudica led the Iceni, the Trinovantes, and others in revolt.[6] They destroyed Camulodunum (modern Colchester), earlier the capital of the Trinovantes but at that time a colonia), a settlement for discharged Roman soldiers and site of a temple to the former Emperor Claudius. Upon hearing of the revolt, Suetonius hurried to Londinium (modern London), the 20-year-old commercial settlement that was the rebels' next target. He lacked sufficient numbers to defend the settlement, and he evacuated and abandoned Londinium. Boudica led a very large army of Iceni, Trinovantes, and others against a detachment of Legio IX Hispana, defeating them, and burning Londinium and Verulamium.
Link for photo.jpg)
Boo! And her daughters
Suicide:
The end result was defeat.
She is thought to have died of an illness.
Possibly self enduced poisoning, to avoid enslavement.
Boudica
The crisis caused Nero to consider withdrawing all Roman forces from Britain, but Suetonius's victory over Boudica confirmed Roman control of the province. Boudica then either killed herself to avoid capture (according to Tacitus),[8]
Gaelic:
Now, does it seem a bit unbelievable that one single warrior princess and her Iceni tribe could achieve all this?
Well what you have to remember, is the Gaelic language during this period, was spoken all over Gaul, and before the Roman conquests, Gaul was a very large area, taking in much of europe and beyond, as i revealed in my article "From Gaul to Galilee".
But Boudica was known throughout Gaul, in many different Gaulish/Gaelic dialects, suggesting she was well connected.
Name
The Gaulish version is attested in inscriptions as Boudiga in Bordeaux, Boudica in Lusitania, and Bodicca in Algeria.[13]
Link for photo
Pre-roman Gaul
Loyalty:
Now, Marius, who was likely executed in 85 AD by the Romans, was loyal to the Romans right until the death.
Marius
Marius established close ties with Rome and good diplomacy through tribute and respect of the Roman citizens in Britain. He followed the laws of his ancestors and ruled justly. When he died, he was succeeded by his son, Coilus.
Agricola:
And back to this Sallustius Lucullus/Marius for just a second.
Sallustius Lucullus is thought to have been part of Roman attempts of expansion in to Albany/Caledonia/Scotland, and he allied himself with Agricola during Agricolas conquest of Caledonia attempt, just before his execution.
Military activity
Archaeology can tell us something of Roman military activity in the years following Agricola's recall in 84. Sallustius (or his unknown predecessor, if one existed) may have attempted to consolidate Agricola's victories in Scotland by building the Glen Forts which Peter Salway dates to his rule. Forts at Ardoch and Dalswinton in southern Scotland, which Agricola had built, were extensively rebuilt in the late 80s and evidence of improvements of other military installations in the region points to a strong presence in the Scots Lowlands.
Link for photo
Agricolas northern campaign
De facto king of Albany:
And the client kingdom that Marius ruled, would appear to have been the equivalent of todays Northumbria, and Scotland.
He was likely the de-facto king of Albany, though possibly not recognised by Picts, Scots and Gaels as such.
Marius
According to Geoffrey, he ruled wisely in the time when the Picts first arrived in Britain. A fleet of ships under the leadership of Sodric came from Scythia and landed in Albany. Once there, they began to destroy the lands and Marius was forced to react. Following numerous battles, Marius killed Sodric and set up a stone there to remember that triumph. In addition, that land became known as Westmorland after him.
Link for photo
Westmorland
Picts:
And as you may have read in the above quote, it is believed by Geoffrey that Marius was attacked by Picts that arrived in Albany from Scythia.
And as has already been established in previous articles, Scythia was an area in Eurasia that was led by the aristocratic Royal Scoloti.
It is also hardly surprising that there are Gaels fleeing to Albany, as Scythia is also coming under Roman attack, during this period.
Scythians
.[10][13] Based in what is modern-day Ukraine and southern Russia, the Scythians called themselves Scoloti and were led by a nomadic warrior aristocracy known as the Royal Scythians.
Link for photo
Scythia
Tuathal Techtmar:
Now, it just so happens, in Irish legends, around this "exact same period", an Irish high king named Tuathal Techtmar was brought up in Albany/Caledonia which was his Mothers original homeland before she moved to Ireland to marry the high king of Ireland, who got overthrown, causing her to return to Albany.
However Tuathal Techtmar ended up returning to Ireland at around the age of 20 years, and fought a war to reclaim the throne of Irish high king.
He would also have been an enemy of Marius one would assume, as Marius appears to be trying to appear as the Roman client king of Albany, and Tuathal Techtmar is also of indigenous Albion kingship.
Legend
Later versions of the story suppress the involvement of the provincial nobility in the revolt, making the "subject peoples" the peasants of Ireland. The Lebor Gabála Érenn[6] adds the detail of Túathal's exile. His mother, Eithne Imgel, daughter of the king of Alba (originally meaning Britain, later Scotland), was pregnant when Fíachu was overthrown, and fled to her homeland where she gave birth to Túathal. Twenty years later Túathal and his mother returned to Ireland, joined up with Fiacha Cassán and Findmall, and marched on Tara to take the kingship.
Dates:
According to Keating, the timing is absolutely perfect.
He was in Albany from 55 AD until 80 AD, and died in 100 AD.
Dates
Geoffrey Keating's Foras Feasa ar Érinn broadly agrees, dating his exile to 55, his return to 80 and his death to 100.
Caithness:
Now the end result of this war with Marius was defeat.
Though Marius was kind enough to allow them to have the area of Caithness, which the Picts refused in favour of going to Ireland.
Though some almost definitely remained.
Marius
In respect for the people he defeated, he gave them a small portion of Albany called Caithness to live in. Marius refused, however, to give them women to marry so the Picts fled to Ireland and took wives there.
Link for photo
Caithness
Kingdom of Cat:
And the word Caithness, does indeed come from the Picts, that lived in the Kingdom of Cat, after the name of their tribe.
Toponymy
The Caith element of Caithness comes from the name of a Pictish tribe known as the Cat or Catt people, or Catti (see Kingdom of Cat)
Link for photo
Flag of Caithness
Gaelic dialect:
And whilst all Gaelic languages are connected, there are many variations.
Toponymy
The Gaelic name for Caithness, Gallaibh, means "among the strangers" (the Norse). The Catti are represented in the Gaelic name for eastern Sutherland, Cataibh,[2] and the old Gaelic name for Shetland, Innse Chat.
Pictish language:
And whilst the Pictish language is Gaelic, and connected to the Brythonic language, it is still of different dialect to others.
They could probably still hold somekind of conversation with eachother however.
Picts
Early medieval sources report the existence of a distinct Pictish language, which today is believed to have been an Insular Celtic language, closely related to the Brittonic spoken by the Britons) who lived to the south.
Link for photo
Aberlemno stone
Irish high king:
Now, obviously Tuathal Techtmar did not just walk in to Ireland and get the vote of the people.
He obviously had an army that followed him to Ireland and fought for his return, and he is attributed to have fought very hard for this.
Legend
Túathal fought 25 battles against Ulster, 25 against Leinster, 25 against Connacht and 35 against Munster. The whole country subdued, he convened a conference at Tara, where he established laws and annexed territory from each of the four provinces to create the central province of Míde (Meath)) around Tara as the High King's territory. He built four fortresses in Meath: Tlachtga, where the druids sacrificed on the eve of Samhain, on land taken from Munster; Uisneach, where the festival of Beltaine was celebrated, on land from Connacht; Tailtiu, where Lughnasadh was celebrated, on land from Ulster; and Tara, on land from Leinster.
Irish Gaelic:
Now, Ireland was most likely already a Gaelic speaking country.
But legends state that during the invasion of Tuathal Techtmar, the current day Irish gaelic language emerged.
In fact, the legends even express a belief that the invasion of Tuathal Techtmar was a complete foreign invasion from start to finish, by foreigners.
Therefore, i think scholar T.F.O'Rahily is mistaken when he says that Irish legends are rehashing earlier return exile stories.
Whilst there were earlier invasions, i think there is plenty evidence to suggest that the invasion being discussed here, is an entirely different invasion to one that may have happened in the 1st or 2nd century BC.
The invasionbeing spoken about, and the language spoken by the invaders, was probably the form of Gaelic spoken by the Scythian based Gaels which first invaded Albany, before moving on to Ireland..
They perhaps did not even speak the same dialect of Gaelic as other Picts in other regions that have evolved in an ever so slight different direction.
Goidels
The scholar T. F. O'Rahilly suggested that, as in many such "returned exile" stories, Túathal represented an entirely foreign invasion which established a dynasty in Ireland, whose dynastic propagandists fabricated an Irish origin for him to give him some spurious legitimacy. In fact, he proposed that Túathal's story, pushed back to the 1st or 2nd century BC, represented the invasion of the Goidels, who established themselves over the earlier populations and introduced the Q-Celtic language that would become Irish,
Puppet:
There is however a quite contemporary theory that Tuathal may have actually been a Roman puppet.
Romans in Ireland
Taking the native dating as broadly accurate, another theory has emerged. The Roman historian Tacitus mentions that Agricola, while governor of Roman Britain (AD 78–84), entertained an exiled Irish prince, thinking to use him as a pretext for a possible conquest of Ireland.[10]
Evidence of Roman occupation:
Archaeologists have in fact found evidence of Roman settlement in the areas most consistant with Tuathals war campaigns in Ireland.
Romans in Ireland
.[10] Neither Agricola nor his successors ever conquered Ireland, but in recent years archaeology has challenged the belief that the Romans never set foot on the island. Roman and Romano-British artefacts have been found primarily in Leinster, notably a fortified site on the promontory of Drumanagh, fifteen miles north of Dublin, and burials on the nearby island of Lambay, both close to where Túathal is supposed to have landed, and other sites associated with Túathal such as Tara and Clogher.
Military support:
Contemporary historians and scholars tend to actually believe that Tuathals campaign was supported by the Romans to have a friendly king that will put a stop to the Irish raids happening on mainland Britain, as well as of course for other future possibilities and obvious reasons.
Romans in Ireland
It is possible that the Romans may have given support to Túathal, or someone like him, to regain his throne in the interests of having a friendly neighbour who could restrain Irish raiding.[5][11] The 2nd-century Roman poet Juvenal, who may have served in Britain under Agricola, wrote that "arms had been taken beyond the shores of Ireland",[12] and the coincidence of dates is striking.
Hibernia:
And it is quite contemporary that Agricola did indeed give support and refuge to an exiled Irish king, in the hope he would be useful for a future conquest of Ireland.
Hibernia
[9] Agricola fortified the coast facing Ireland, and Tacitus recalls that his father-in-law often claimed the island could be conquered with a single legion and auxiliaries). He had given refuge to an exiled Irish king whom he hoped he might use as the excuse for conquest.
Link for photo
Agricola
Summary:
It sounds like the uprising was a lot bigger and more co-ordinated than simply one she-wolf.
It probably included Irish raiders, and even Picts from afar afield as Scythia.
It would all have been part of the war against the Roman empire.
As for the case with the Picts.
It sounds like Agricola gave them refuge from Marius most likely.
May have even used the inhumane way that Marius was treating them as justification for executing him, thus removing yet another client king, at the same time as gaining an allied army to invade and conquer Ireland.
Though, if this was the reason, then it was all fruitless, as no conquest of Ireland would ever be followed through by the Romans.
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 04:04 kpsyke Should I (22f) reconsider my relationship of 3 years with my boyfriend (23m) because of his situation?

First of all, I might get some hate from this post but I really need an outside perspective on my relationship. I met my boyfriend almost 3 years ago at community college. He was very charming and even though I turned him down twice (religious differences), he was persistent. He is very respectful of me and I became attracted to him because I could tell he really liked me. My parents did not approve and so for the first year I went through it.. it was tough but eventually they came around and we all get along well now. My views on religion have changed since dating him, but I still hold a belief that sometimes causes arguments. For the most part, we have agreed to disagree and are happy together.
Now, I come from a "middle-class" family and we never really struggled with money. I currently still live with my parents as they live very close to the college I am attending now as well as my job. Because I am very serious about saving money now while I can and my boyfriend does not want to rent... it makes the most sense to me to stay here for now. My boyfriend has lived in the same trailer since he was born. His mom is single and works as a nurse so she makes enough money to support him and his brother, mostly. His brother is older than him and does not have a job.. can't drive.. and is typically very lazy. I do get along with his mom and brother but sometimes it is difficult ... we just have very different outlooks.
My boyfriend has a job right now but doesn't get many hours. His grandmother left him a house (over 100 years old) that is about 40 feet from the trailer he lives in now. He has started buying things to fix it up and I have spent a lot of time helping him clean it out, rip up the rotted floors, and take old furniture to the dump with my dad's truck and trailer. It doesn't have plumbing yet, and a lot of the electric needs work. He bought a bed, mattress, 2 tvs, a new sink, a fridge, and 2 new AC window units. He has put a lot of money into the house so far and plans to live in it. However, he doesn't have the money to put toward leveling the house and he needs help with some of the labor. Recently, he has stopped working on it and tells me it's because he doesn't have the money. This is where I get a little irritated. He is very into videogames and trading cards and spends a good amount of his money on that. He usually tells me it's an investment and he can sell it for much more later on. I understand this, but sometimes it is difficult for me to see the things he spends his money on. I know that it makes him happy and I try to understand, but he also is building student debt to become a pharmacist.. He also has this house that he isn't working on but has spent thousands on for sure... He tells me he doesn't have the time, but it seems he is never working on homework or waits till the last minute.. he complains about online classes which I understand because he has crap internet where he lives, but our campus has a huge library which he could go use at any time. His classes are difficult and I expressed my concern when he told me what he wanted to go for. I know he is smart, but he often has a lack of motivation. I do too, but my degree is not as intense as his.
I love him, but sometimes I question how much. He is a great guy, very considerate and literally always puts my needs before his. But I have never been in a serious relationship before and I'm scared I could be a lot happier with someone else. When we hang out at his place, we walk down to his "house" because his bedroom is very small. We spend a lot of time in the bedroom which is the only room that is liveable. It's ok and I'm normally just happy to spend time with him alone, but recently I've been bit by bugs/spiders or something everytime we go down there and with everything else I'm getting really sick of it. I also have to walk to the trailer to use the bathroom.
I know he can't help his situation, but his trailer is disgusting and falling apart and no one in the house ever really cleans. It's starting to weigh on me, because I could never live like that and I'm scared the house he's working on will either never be done or just be really hard to live in. I know his intentions are good, but I've learned he is not great with money and I just don't know if this is the life I want. I feel selfish saying all of this, but if I'm not happy I feel like I should think about this before we get married.
I feel like I've started building my life around him and I am so comfortable with him that it would be incredibly hard for me to leave. I have broken up with him before.. but 2 days later I regretted it and we got back together and I think became stronger as a couple. I just can't shake the feeling I could be happier alone or with another. Is this selfish and wrong of me? How do I even approach him about my concerns? I've told him how I feel about the house, and he got defensive saying he doesn't have the money to buy us a house, and that he has to work with what he has. He tells me I have always had better than what he had and I feel really bad about it, but I can't force myself to enjoy a house that's falling apart. I support him, I do... but his lack of motivation and forgetfulness about things really concerns me.
I just want to hear your opinions, please. Thanks so much.
submitted by kpsyke to relationship_advice [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 03:33 Soulsscream Running out of steam

Ahoy! I'm a 30yr old male in Canada with aspergers. I've been alone for over 10 years now and im starting to give up hope that will change. I have extreme difficulty even making friends anymore, nevermind anything more than that. I live in a really small town of around 280 people and theres not really any singles in my age range here. I could uproot and move elsewhere i guess but that seems like social suicide as its taken me years to finally settle in here and i love my town.
For whatever reason outside of my control i seem to give off a really creepy and unsettling vibe. Even approaching people with no other intention than to brighten their day with a compliment usually ends up in me getting told to go away. Years of this has resulted in some pretty bad social anxiety which is only compounding the problem further. If people are forced into a situation where they have to spend time with me, they eventually learn that underneath the exterior im a good person. The only real friends ive made lately were a result of this. Most of my few friends would describe me as one of the most selfless, caring and kind people they know. But overcoming that initial hurdle definitely is the major issue.
For as long as i can remember (going back to elementary school) ive been constantly accused by both my peers and authority figures that im "manacing", "scary", "creepy" etc. Recently i did some experiments and posted some of my best photos online for review. Same story, theres just something wrong with my face. I think im ever so slightly above average in terms of looks, but theres just something that gives people the completely wrong impression.
Ive been pushing super hard the last few years to look more internally and make myself a better person as im fully aware that this is the first step. Ive started my own fairly successful business, i became a volunteer firefighter and a volunteer paramedic. And now that im trying to look outwards again im horrified to find that everything is exactly the same as before.
I tried online dating and am almost 100% convinced its a scam at this point. A new account will maybe get a couple messages in the first few days then its months of radio silence. Ive done multiple tests on multiple sites now using a vpn and making a new identical account. What do uu know, I get a couple messages for a day or two again! Its almost as though theyre trying to force people into paying for the exorbitantly overpriced premium packages!
Does anyone have some advice? I dont know how much longer i can keep telling myself "Just one more day. Tomorrow everything will work out". When everyone thinks your a monster its hard to not jump on the same bandwagon. Thanks for any help in advance, and please feel free to ask any questions if i havent said enough here. I hope you all have a wonderful day and stay safe out there!
submitted by Soulsscream to dating_advice [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 03:31 Philly19111 9/27 Weekly Watchlist [Been on the FREE telegram for ages now (: ]

9/27 WEEKLY WATCHLIST
[P.S. Only enter positions you feel the most comfortable with. Your money is your soldier only send him into the battle you think you'll win. Some of these I have taken positions. Some I am looking to take positions. I've posted how many shares I own of what multiple times ]
🔑KEY🔑
[💎-Long time gold][⁉️-Could go both ways][🚀-I think this is gonna shoot up][🔥-This imo is gonna be a fire stock to make money off of just dont get dumped on][⚠️-Already ran a bit be careful][👀-Watching this one closely][⭐- Huge Catalyst or info]
PRIMARY FOCUSES: All 🍊, $ADMP, $SOLO , $T, $TNXP, $SLMP, $SESN
🚀💸PENNYS💸🚀
⭐$TRUMP PUMP - 500b to Black owned businesses. These are stock that are HIIIIIGH risk HIGH reward! [🍊]⭐
$UONE - HEAVY support at $3.60. Could push a gap up to $9.26/$10.41/$12🍊
$UONEK - Support $0.72/$0.86. Could push a gap up to /$1.80/ $1.90/ $2.13🍊
$CARV - Support $5.75/$6.50. Could push a gap up to $8.20/$11.40🍊
$BYFC - Support $1.49/$1.67. Could push a gap up to $2.61/$3.60🍊
$IZEA - ⭐Shake Shake Shake. Sept 30th release date. 4hr MACD 🐮Weekly MACD🐻. Daily BolBands squeezing could be 🐻 or 🐮. Heavy support $0.92. Resistance $0.97/$1.02/$1.08🔥🚀👀
$FBIO - ⭐October 10th FDA approval. Support $3.41/$3.72/ $3.90. Resistance $4.17/$4.45/ $4.62🔥🚀⚠️
$ADMP - ⭐FDA Nov 15th.FDA Likey Approved. 4hr MACD 🐻 ⭐GOLDEN CROSS coming on the 4hr⭐ OPTIONS ARE BEING SUPER SLEPT ON HERE! [Low risk HIGH reward] 4hr HAMMER DOJI🔨Support: / $0.51/$0.59/ $0.60 /$0.70 Gap up to: $0.84/ $0.91 /$1.14. 👀🔥🚀💎
$SMLP - ⭐NANO float! Support $0.57/$0.67. I forsee a very VERY likely gap up to $0.97/$1.38.🔥🚀👀
$SESN - ⭐4th Q bio news ANYDAY now.. 4hr MACD looking to breach🐮. Support $1.01/$1.25 Resistances $1.36/ $1.44/$1.50🔥🚀👀
$TNXP - ⭐Phase 3 data due ANYDAY! I see an easy $1 push no questions. ⭐I see a future GOLDEN CROSS on 4hr.⭐ ⭐Sept 1st GOLDEN CROSS on Daily⭐Support: $0.62-$0.74 Gap up to $0.85/$0.91/ $0.95/$1🔥🚀👀
$PRTY - ⭐GOLDEN TRIANGLE Aug 20th⭐Holloween is coming up. Buy in $2.63 for the reversal bounce ⁉️This is a constant pump and dump stock. Was $5-7 all last year.Support $1.85/$2.15/ $2.40/ $2.63. Resistance $3.80🔥🚀👀⚠️
$SOLO - Quarterly MACD is just starting up🐮 4hr MACD looking to setup. GODLY Support: $2.36-$2.45. Resistances: $2.65/$2.74/$2.87/ $2.95/$3/$3.14. 96% Shareholders breakeven or at a LOSS! ⭐US Manufacturing Location PR by EoY.⭐🔥🚀💎👀 $GRIL - This company is undervalued in my eyes. Newish emerging fast "healthy" food. Great concept with little to no competition. Daily HAMMER DOJI 🔨Daily MACD Looking to BREACHING🐮 Weekly MACD 🐻⭐Offering at $1.60 ⭐Float is legit NANO sized. Daily RSI UNGODLY OVERSOLD. BolBands squeezing could be 🐮or🐻 I truthfully see $5-7 by EoY on this.💎🔥🚀👀
💰Honorable Mentions💰
$CJJD - Sleeper pick. PAYience. Daily OVERSOLD. 4hr HAMMER DOJI 🔨The last 4/6 years this followed a trend of stagnant and beat up until mid/end October than take off.💎
$NOK - Big 5g provider globally. Honestly think this is being slept one and should move up by EoY to $5+.4hr MACD looking 🐮 Daily HAMMER DOJI 🔨4hDaily RSI MASSIVELY OVERSOLD. 💎🔥
$EVFM - Condoms in 2020? We got birth control lotion. Daily RSI Oversold. Daily MACD🐮 Support $2. Huge gap up to $3. 💎🔥
$CRK - This just like PLUG has a tendency to go Red>Green every other day. Looking at the 10year chart this ALWAYS rebounds to $5. So anything under that Im gonna continue to load.[OIL]💎💎
$NAK - ⭐Trump tweeted the pebble mine will be considered WITHOUT political bias. If approved this will easily go to $4-$5. MASSIVE FLOAT [Yikes] 4hr HAMMER DOJI🔨 Could gap up to $1.35🔥🚀💎
$HHT - ⭐$0.55 OFFERING. DAILY MACD🐮 Might potentially play this with kids all returning to school⁉️🔥
💰Non-Pennys💰
⭐SPAC companies are blank check companies looking to merge. If the merge FAILS you are reimbursed $10.⭐
$AAL - ⭐5.5B fed loan⭐ Support $11.66/$12.21. Resistance $12.81/$13.15/$13.40 /$13.70. GAP to $16.30🔥🚀👀
$PLUG - Alt energy is a thing of the future! Daily BolBands squeezing. Could mean a rip or dip! 4hr MACD 🐮Dont expect the lowest level support to he broken. Support $10.21/$10.93 Resistances $12.22/$13.02/$13.51 👀💎
$DFEN - This is a 3x leveraged ETF! I dont see this falling lower than $9.50-$10. Resistance $11/$11.52 [THIS IS A DAY trade to 2-3day hold MAX]👀🔥🚀
$PLAY - I'm bullish as a bull can be for next Q earnings! Daily HAMMER DOJI 🔨Daily MACD looking to setup⭐GOLDEN TRIANGLE sometime EoM⭐ HUGE Gap up potential to $19/$20. I'd put money on earnings being beaten December 🔥🚀👀⚠️
$SPAQ - [SPAC]I see $25 EoY. Support $11.90/ $12.99 Resistances $14.11/$14.88/$15.55. Fisker is a PR machine. 💎🔥🚀👀
$JMIA - Huge E-commerce in Europe/Africa. Essentially becoming the Amazon out there. 4hr MACD 🐮 ⭐30min forming GOLDEN CROSS⭐ Support $6.33/$7.30/$7.51. Resistance $7.93/$8.36/ $8.70/ $9.66.🔥🚀💎
$LCA - [SPAC] Merging with Golden Nugget[gambling]. Should easily hit $20-$25 in the next 4-6weeks. 💎
$NEE - 4:1 Split could run.Think AAPL & TSLA. Looking to see $278 support bounce. [LONG]💎👀
$SBE - [SPAC]EV charging company. I can see $20 in the near future. 👀💎
$KIRK - ⭐BIG INSIDER BUYS⭐Daily/ 4hr MACD BREACHING🐮 Light support $6.40/$7.05./$7.41 Resistances $8.71/$9.50/$10.50. [LONG]👀🔥💎🚀
$CRSR - Makes competitive gaming equipment. Super sponsors in ESPORTS which are growing vastely. Imo another great long. ⭐I see a bullflag formed on multiple time frames.🐮⭐👀🔥🚀💎⚠️
$RAD - SUPER UNDERVALUED. Mass sell off on Earnings news. This is a great low risk medium ish reward big name company.💎🔥🚀👀
$PENN - Sports betting isn't going anywhere. Imo this is a GREAT long term hold.4hr MACD 🐮⭐BULL FLAG on 4hr and lower🐮⭐[LONG]👀🔥💎⚠️
$JWN - ⭐$10 puts SWEPT. MM might be pushing this down intentionally.⭐ UNGODLY OVERSOLD. This is the 52wk low. I cant imagine it going much below this. I am gonna slowly start loading up.[LONG]🔥🚀💎👀
⏳LONGS⏳
$AAPL/$UTZ/$T/$JPM/$CSRS/$NEE/$PENN/$GRIL/$JMIA/$PLUG/$RAD/$U
⚡$SNOW - SEVERELY OVERVALUED⚡
🤑Notable Earnings🤑
$MU 29th AH⁉️
OCTOBER
$BBBY - 1st PM [Puts]⭐⭐
$DAL - 8th PM📈[Calls]
$JNJ - 13th PM⁉️
$JPM 13th PM⁉️
$UAL - 13th PM/AH?📈[Calls]
$BAC 14th PM📈[Calls]⭐
$WFC - 14th PM⁉️
$PYPL Estimated 18th ⁉️
$TUP Estimated 20th📈[Calls]
$LOGI Estimated 20th📉[Puts]
$LRN - 20th PM/AH?📈[Calls]⭐
$TXN - 20th PM/AH?📈[Calls]
$SNAP - 20th PM📉[Puts or Strangle]
$HOG - 20th PM⁉️
$NEE - 20th PM 📉[Puts]
$LMT - 20th PM📉[Puts]
$RTX - 20th PM📈[Calls]
$SKX - 20th AH 📉[Puts or Strangle]
$NFLX - 20th AH📈[Calls]⭐
$SIX - 20th PM/AH?📈[Calls or Strangles]
$BA - 21st PM📈[Calls]⭐
$SAVE - 21st PM/AH?📈[Calls]
$ORLY - 21st PM/AH?📈[Calls]
$MSFT - 21st AH📈[Calls]
$EBAY - 21st AH📉[Puts or Strangles]
$CMG 21st AH📈[Calls or Strangles]
$KO Estimated 21st📈[Calls]⭐
$AAL - 22nd PM📈[Calls or Strangles]⭐
$T - 22nd PM📈[Calls]
$INTC 22nd AH📈[Calls]⭐
🔥🚀🌾Gold/Silver🌾🚀🔥
$AGC - 2x silver. Aka silver -1% AGC -2%. This is a day or swing trade. Depreciates
$SLV - Long term silver hold
$JNUG - 2x Gold. Same as AGC but for gold
$NUGT/$GLD - Long term gold holds
🔮BET AGAINST THE MARKET🔮
$SPXS - 3X Inverse of SPY [The overall market] Spy +1% SPXS -3%. Spy -3% SPXS +9% [top 500 companies]🐻🐻
$SQQQ - Same as SPXS except top 100 companies🐻🐻
$VXX - Fear index/Volatility Index. This goes up with market feaunsurity. USUALLY inverses $SPY
⚖UPCOMING FDA INFO⚖
$BHC - FDA NEWS ANYDAY
$LPCN - FDA NEWS ANYDAY
$ETON - FDA NEWS ANYDAY, Sept 29th
$MESO - Priority FDA Reviewed Sept 30th. 8-2 Voted beneficial⭐
$FBIO - FDA Oct 10th, P1 results due Sept 19th-21st [same drug as TRVN]⭐
$ATXI - Oct 10th [same drug as TRVN]⭐
$ZSAN - Oct 20th
$SPPI - Oct 24th
$KALA - Oct 30th
$MRK - Oct 30th
$SUPN - Nov 8th ⭐
$ADMP - Nov 15th⭐
🙏I never intended to make any money from this group. All I truthfully wanted was a community I LOVED! If you choose to donate after a big win or to support my work; it is GREATLY appreciated. [Like too much to put into words lol] If you do donate please PM me; to let me know incase I miss it!🙏 ❤🖤💙💚🤎💛🧡💜🤍
My Links:
⭐Cashapp: $Hamstackz⭐
⭐Venmo: $JDH3703⭐
Thanks you once again. I couldn't do this without EVERY single one of yours constant support!
submitted by Philly19111 to PhillyStockTelegram [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 03:15 matthewkoehler Argument Against Single Family Zoning

Looking for any feedback on how to improve this document, thanks.
How to Address the Housing Crisis While Benefiting Both Homeowners and Renters, and Without Costing Taxpayers a Dime.
The average rent for a one bedroom apartment in Toronto is $2,013 for September 2020 according to Rentals.ca. With the most recent data provided by Statistics Canada showing a median monthly pre-tax income of $2,883 in 2018 for Toronto, this equates to $2,361 after taxes. Leaving a very comfortable $348 left for all other expenses. Clearly something needs to be done to address the affordability crisis in this city.
With a moderate increase in density in residential neighbourhoods we could significantly increase the supply of new rental units. A bylaw change which allows for one additional storey in residential neighbourhoods provided the additional square footage is allocated to a rental unit is one way in which this could be accomplished. See *link* for more detail on how this can be done.
There are 341,755 single- or semi-detached homes in Toronto, with the number increasing to 846,405 when considering the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). By promoting the construction of one rental unit per home we can apply a sustained downwards pressure on rental rates across the city for years to come.
This policy will tackle the housing crisis without the need for increased government spending, a factor which is especially important given the record ballooning debt of both Ontario and Canada.
One of the key benefits to this policy is that it benefits both renters and homeowners, a critical consideration when attempting to garner political support.
Benefits to Homeowners of Constructing a Rental Unit Under Proposed Program
1 - Providing a new source of monthly income.
2 - Providing a viable long term housing solution for elderly family members, children, individuals with special needs and others.
3 - Increasing the value of your home.
4 - Retaining all of your current living space, while being allowed to build higher toaccommodate a rental unit. See *link* for more detail.
Below you will find economic, social and environmental reasoning for this policy.
Economic Reasons
1 - Expanding the labour force capable of contributing to housing supply.
2 - Reducing bureaucratic inefficiencies.
3 - By allowing for stick frame construction up to 4 stories we allow for construction methods of approximately 30-35% lower cost in comparison with typical Toronto condominiums.
4 - Stabilizing the cost of doing business in Toronto.
5 - Fostering a competitive marketplace in the construction industry.
6 - Supporting thousands of well paying construction jobs in the city of Toronto.
Social Reasons
1 - It is detrimental to social cohesion to allow housing costs to rise to the point where many Torontonians are unable to live in the city.
2 - The neighborhood in which you grow up is one of the most statistically significant predictors of socioeconomic status later in life. Segregating Toronto neighborhoods based on wealth inhibits socioeconomic mobility as well as eroding social trust in our society.
3 - Helping to create more livable communities.
Environmental Reasons
1 - Combating climate change and protecting the health of local ecosystems.
Informative links
Examples of Other Governments Taking Similar Approaches
submitted by matthewkoehler to yimby [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 02:32 thebonewolf thebonewolf's Whiksy Network Review Index

Up to date as of 27 September 2020

Islay Scotch

Ardbeg 10 81
Ardbeg Alligator 96
Ardbeg Ardbog 87
Ardbeg An Oa 85
Ardbeg Auriverdes 87
Ardbeg Blaaack 89
Ardbeg Corryvreckan 88
Ardbeg Day 92
Ardbeg Dark Cove 85
Ardbeg Drum 81
Ardbeg Grooves 87
Ardbeg Kelpie 86
Ardbeg Perpetuum 86
Ardbeg Uigeadail 85
Ardbeg 18 2000 The Whisky Show 2018 88
Bowmore 9 Sherry Cask 80
Bowmore 12 80
Bowmore 15 Darkest 82
Bowmore 18 84
Bowmore 25 79
Bowmore 10 Devil's Cask Inspired 85
Bowmore 100 Degrees Proof 85
Bowmore Small Batch 76
Bowmore 26 The Vintner's Trilogy No. 2 82
Bowmore 14 2002 Chieftain's 76
Bruichladdich Black Art 4.1 90
Bruichladdich The Classic Laddie Scottish Barley 81
Bruichladdich Islay Barley 2009 80
Bruichladdich The Laddie 8 83
Bruichladdich The Laddie 16 81
Bunnahabhain 12 75
Bunnahabhain 18 76
Bunnahabhain Mòine 85
Bunnahabhain Toiteach 90
Bunnahabhain Toiteach a dhà 86
Bunnahabhain 28 1989 Signatory Vintage 93
Bunnahabhain 29 1989 Càrn Mòr 90
Bunnahabhain Staoisha 4 2014 Signatory Vintage 84
Caol Ila 12 90 Re-review 91
Caol Ila Distillers Edition 2006 89
Caol Ila 12 2006 Signatory Vintage 93
Classic of Islay Cask 2802 89
Elements of Islay Br6 79
Elements of Islay Lg10 85
Elements of Islay Pl4 87
Finlaggan Cask Strength 89
The Ileach Cask Strength 82
Kilchoman 100% Islay 5th Edition 81
Kilchoman 2007 Vintage 90
Kilchoman Machir Bay 89
Lagavulin 8 91 2016 91
Lagavulin 10 85
Lagavulin 12 2015 94 2016 93
Lagavulin 16 90
Lagavulin Islay Jazz Festival 2016 86
Lagavulin Distillers Edition 2001 88
Laphroaig 10 91
Laphroaig 25 2017 91
Laphroaig 27 89
Laphroaig 28 93
Laphroaig Cairdeas 2017 Cask Strength Quarter Cask 92
Laphroaig 14 2000 The Old Malt Cask 84
Octomore 5.1 91
Octomore 6.1 87
Octomore 7.2 92
Octomore 9.1 86
Octomore 9.3 92
Octomore 10.4 94
Octomore 7 2008 Rest & Be Thankful 90
Port Askaig 8 84
Port Askaig 19 87
Port Charlotte 10 92
Port Charlotte CC:01 2007 88
Port Charlotte PC12 Oileanach Furachail 86
Port Charlotte Scottish Barley 92
Shieldaig Islay Finest Old 71

Island Scotch

Arran Machrie Moor Cask Strength 2016 87
Highland Park The Dark 80
Highland Park Fire 88
Highland Park Ice 85
Highland Park The Light 81
Highland Park Valkyrie 84
Jura 10 72
Jura 12 71
Jura 18 77
Jura Origin 10 76
Jura 1997 Gordon & MacPhail Connoisseurs Choice 77
Ledaig 10 94
Ledaig 12 2005 Present Future 93
Ledaig 20 1997 Alexander Murray 80
Talisker 10 91
Talisker 25 92
Talisker 30 94
Talisker Distillers Edition 88
Talisker Skye 84
Talisker 9 2008 The Old Malt Cask 89
Tobermory 10 80

Campbeltown Scotch

Glen Scotia Double Cask 80
Hazelburn 10 76
Hazelburn 12 78
Kilkerran 12 83
Kilkerran Heavily Peated Batch 1 92
Longrow Peated 84
Longrow 18 2018 94
Longrow 21 91
Springbank 10 88
Springbank 12 Cask Strength Batch 19 83
Springbank 24 1994 Single Sherry Cask 93

Other Single Malt Scotch

Scotch Ardmore 11 2008 86
Cardhu Gold Reserve 71
Cragganmore 12 76
Mortlach 13 2005 SMWS 76.144 "I caught the darkness..." 89
Oban Distillers Edition 2000 72
Old Pulteney 12 80
Speyside-Glenlivet 26 1991 Cadenhead's 83
Scotch Wardhead 22 1997 81

Blended Scotch

Compass Box Flaming Heart 2018 83
Compass Box The Peat Monster (Brown Label) 86
Compass Box The Peat Monster (Painting Label) 87
Hamiltons Islay 73
Hamiltons The Isles 66
Johnnie Walker A Song of Ice 71
Johnnie Walker A Song of Fire 75
Johnnie Walker Blue Label 82
Johnnie Walker Blue Label Ghost & Rare Port Ellen 86
Johnnie Walker Double Black 74
Johnnie Walker Green Label 82
Johnnie Walker Sweet Peat 72
Johnnie Walker White Walker 70

Grain Whisky

Cameronbridge 34 1984 85

Irish

Connemara Original 80
Connemara 12 91
Connemara 22 86
Connemara Cask Strength 89
Connemara Distillers Edition 82
Connemara Turf Mór 87
Jameson Caskmates Stout Edition 75
Redbreast 15 80
Tullamore D.E.W. Cider Cask Finish 78

American

Westland Peated 82

Swedish

Mackmyra Svensk Rök 84

Other

Uisge Source Water

submitted by thebonewolf to u/thebonewolf [link] [comments]


2020.09.27 21:22 Peregrinebullet Old Trip Report - May-June 2016 - 24 days

PART 1
So I was going through old emails and pictures and found detailed writeups that I sent a friend of mine during our 2016 Japan trip. My friend had never been to Japan and knew nothing about it, so I'll edit/ condense them for clarity, as I got into some pretty basic explanations that I'm sure a lot of you have figured out already.
** don't think too hard about the dates/timeline, as I condensed and sometimes didn't have time to tell Friend about things until a few days later, so the emails backtrack to previous days a few times -*\*
We were planning on going again this year or next year with our toddler, but alas, pandemic. COVID-19 having slowed down content on this subreddit, I figured some people would still find this a fun read.
We did a 4 person trip (myself, my husband (B), my sister (S) and her boyfriend (K)) for 24 days, sharing accommodations and fair bit of food/transport costs, depending on what we were doing. We ended up realizing that increasing convenience or comfort generally didn't cost a lot more than the cheapest options, so we often paid an extra $5-8/ night to get a business hotel instead of a hostel. We also opted for the convenience of the JR pass (which paid off for us) and the Jetfoil ferry.
~~~~~~~~~~~
Here's our budget in CAD - Rough planned (actual): pp = per person
Planned budget:
Plane ticket for [SISTER] & [SISTER's BF]- $800- 1000pp (Actual cost: $1100cad pp for YVR-PVG-NRT round trip)
Plane tickets for husband and I: 150K Alaska miles +$220cad (YVR-NRT direct)
Tokyo accommodations - 180 pp ($189 - $121 pp at Hotel Horidome Villa, 2 rooms x 3 days, then $68 pp at an airbnb near Oku Station x3)
Kyoto Accommodations - 123 pp ($367pp for 13 days at an japanese townhouse airbnb near Sanjo Station)
Food - 400 pp (I didn't end up tracking what we ate, but it was closer to $500 as we ate so many snacks and tried a lot of restaurants).
21 day JR Rail pass - 570 pp ($692 pp with taxes - the cost went up between us planning the trip and actual purchase, several months later)
Attractions - 200 pp ($10 per attraction/15 days of attractions) ($250-ish - didn't track this super closely).
Hiroshima Accomodations - no estimate ( 32.84 pp - I forget which hotel, but in honesty, it was a pretty forgettable hotel that smelled like cigarettes even though we had picked "non-smoking" and had a very squeaky bed)
Kagoshima Accomodations - no estimate ($34 pp - APA Hotel Kagoshima Chuo-Ekimae)
Jetfoil Ferry from Kagoshima - Yakushima Roundtrip - ($202pp - free booking through Yes Yakushima)
Yakushima accommodations - 85 pp (330 total) ($97 pp for 3 nights at Minshuku Iwakawa)
Yakushima Island tour - 100pp ($136 pp )
Yakushima Anbo River kayaking - 100 pp ($86 pp )
Yakushima bike rentals - 15pp (didn't end up renting bikes)
Kyoto daily transit - 70 pp ($5/day for approx 12 days) (ended up renting bikes for $30 pp + 20 deposit (which they returned to us - we used the bus twice, the rest of the time was us biking around or using our JR passes to do day trips)
Kinosaki Onsen ($86 pp for 1 night in the cheapest "nice" Ryokan we could find, Sinonomesou)
Other (souvenirs, essentials, LH's) - 300pp (ha... my sister managed about $400, I was $600, as I ended up getting a tattoo - the guys didn't buy much.)
Tokyo Skyliner + Keisei tickets: $44 pp
Total per person minus plane tickets = $3145
Total for S & K (including plane ticket) - $ 4200ish CAD ea
$3145 divided by 24 is approx $131 per day.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Reminder:
B = Husband
S = Sister
K = Sister's boyfriend.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
DAY 1 (Tokyo)
(No email report, as I was too tired).
Flew into Narita, negotiated our way to the skyliner without Tooooo much difficulty, and met up with my sister and her BF at Hotel Horidome Villa. Pretty comfy little business hotel, and we had two adjacent rooms. We were a bit tall for the beds (B is 5'11" and K is 6'1"), but it wasn't the end of the world. My husband could almost span the room with his arms. Used the tokyo subway tickets that came included with our Keisei Skyliner tickets to get around. First experience of Japanese 7/11 and ended up bringing an entire bag full of snacks back to our hotel room to try, which we ate while watching incomprehensible Japanese TV, then fell asleep
Day 2 (Tokyo) - first email
We walked around for nearly 8 hours and holy crap, I am looking forward to soaking in the tub in our room. Despite the bathroom being so tiny, the tub is actually big enough to accommodate my thighs, Which is more than can be said for the one back home! ( I'm not a skinny person).
Due to jet lag, we fell asleep around 8pm last night and I woke up at 4 am. B always sleeps longer than I do, so I basically read for 2 hours, waiting for him to wake up.
Then we went to the gym. We have an anytime membership, and they weren't kidding. You literally can use it anywhere in the world. There's an Anytime fitness about 6 blocks from our hotel. We walk in, and about 4 old Japanese men who were on the machines just stop and STARE at us as we walked past them.
They try to be surreptitious about it, but it's a constant thing. I make a point of catching their eyes, and they quickly look away, then try to sneak another look, and then get embarrassed because I'm still watching them with raised eyebrows. Me and K got the worst of it later in the day, because I was wearing a red dress and K has visible tattoos.
The red dress thing was a surprise, because I had no idea that Japanese people really only wear like 5 colours when out in public here in Tokyo - black, navy, white, pale blue or beige. The school uniforms tend to be one of these colours and most men wear black or navy business suits of varying formality.
Literally, every person we saw who was wearing a different colour turned out to not be Japanese - either we ended up hearing them speak a different language, or they were obviously tourists. I knew I was already going to stand out, having red hair, but this was a bit ridiculous.
First thing in the morning, we went out to a breakfast place that served American food ("Bubby's"). Despite being advertised as a family restaurant, the mug S drank coffee out of had a caption of "F%*KING FRESH" on it. It took us quite awhile to find it and after that, we decided that 7/11 breakfasts were the way to go, both convenience and cost wise.
K also had a hilarious mishap in the morning while snapchatting with his mom, which I will copy-paste his own words:
Note to self: Be careful of the angles when snapchatting pictures of yourself in a Japanese robe with a beer. A few degrees can change a photo from G to 18A. ‪#‎justwantedacoolangle‬ ‪#‎sorrymom‬
After breakfast, we went down to Shibuya, which is where the giant 6 way cross walk is that you often see in pictures of Tokyo. Since we had been up so ridiculously early, we had missed most of the morning crowds up until this point. But once we hit Shibuya, rush hour was in full swing. People were 7-9 rows deep on the metro platforms and it was sea of dudes in business suits. People didn't quite have to be pushed onto the trains by white gloved attendants, but it was a close thing.
Gaijin perimeter was in full effect though, and people avoided standing near us a lot of the time. We wandered around Shibuya for about an hour, venturing off the main shopping street into the twisty back alleyways. At one point, we found about 12 love hotels in three blocks.
We also found what I like to call "The saddest playground in Tokyo", featuring PTSD Panda and Mr. Tiger.
After the huge crowds in Shibuya, I was aching for some quiet, so we headed to the Imperial Palace Gardens. However, we made a wrong turn, and went half way around the grounds in the wrong direction, so we didn't get to see the public gardens (by the time we realized our mistake, we had been walking for 25 mins and were at the opposite end of the compound)
It wasn't a loss though, because the exterior of the palace grounds is still really cool. I only got a couple pictures of the walls and guard towers, but it was eerie how perfectly manicured all the plants and grass were. We wouldn't put it past the Japanese Imperial household to clip the grass by hand, you know? It had that kind of feel to it. We don't know if it was the case, but everything was utterly perfect looking.
After the Imperial gardens, we came back to our hotel room and I passed out for about two hours - it was only like 3 pm, but we'd been walking around since 8am, plus I had done a run, so my feet were killing me.
After my (utterly delicious and much needed) nap, we went to the Tokyo Skytree. We got there right at sunset and it was gorgeous. It was really crazy to see how far the city extended - literaly, buildings as far as the eye could see (it was an overcast day, so the mountains that surround Tokyo were not visible.)
One thing that surprised me about Tokyo is it's not as dense as I thought. it would be. Everything is compact and small, but it's rare for a building to be over 12 stories. 6-8 stories was more likely, except for some of the government buildings and just right around the main metro stations. It was more just endless amounts of urban sprawl.
I've had Tokyo described to me as a "dirty great city" and that seems to be the truth - it's just a huge city that goes on for miles and miles. But because the metro system here is so extensive, you can cross it in like 40 mins, no problem. The metro system is super easy to get around - I barely remember any of my Japanese lessons, but didn't really need them.
However, I did make one embarrassing flub - I mixed up the words for "this is" and "Where is" - Kore is this is and doko is "where is" .
So I confused several station attendants when asking for directions.
Imagine a foreigner marching up to you and saying "This is the ginza line!" instead of "Where is the ginza line?" I asked three station attendants and a police officer this before I figured out my mistake and they all gave me looks like I was crazy.
DAY 3 + 4 (Tokyo + Kyoto)
OK, I'm awake now (slept 11 hours, jesus christ). I have walked more in the last three days than I have walked in months, good lord.
I forgot to tell you about a funny part of the Tokyo Skytree - they have a fucking window cleaner musical. They have a performance of window cleaners projected onto the windows, (the actors, thankfully, are NOT outside the 900 ft tower) where they sing and clean the windows in a synchronized fashion, then all march onto the floor with a brass band. I wish I was joking. I couldn't understand a word of it though, so I have no idea what they were singing about exactly.
After that we went downstairs and explored the mall underneath the skytree for a few hours - it was actually a lot of fun and we found a store completely devoted to cheese. Best. cheesecake. I've.ever.had.
As for yesterday, we got up and and took the Metro out to Shinjuku, where our friend's hotel was. (We were meeting up with some friends from China)
Remember how for Day 2, I said that we hadn't quite gotten to the point where white gloved station attendants were pushing people onto trains? Well, I had my first experience with it yesterday. The train was packed, we squeezed on, and about ten people got on behind us.
There was an awkward pause as you realize the doors weren't going to close unless something was done. I was already half buried under B's armpit, with my opposite arm and purse buried between two tall (for Japanese) business men, with another dude glued to my back.
Then the shove came and I was knocked into the two business guys. I wasn't even holding onto anything. The crush of people held me upright for about five stops, which was all kinds of no fun, because you can guess at the sort of momentum that the train drivers have to deal with when braking and accelerating with a packed train like that. Everyone got pushed around and elbows in places that you don't want elbows as the train stopped and started.
When we got to Shinjuku, it was pretty different from where our hotel was (we're in Nihonbashi). Lots of wide avenues and modern development. The suited Japanese businessmen were still everywhere. Our friends were staying in the Shinjuku Washington, and they reported that their hotel room (despite being much newer) was no bigger than ours.
We wandered around Shinjuku looking for breakfast, and our friends, both being Chinese, and thus indistinguishable from the Japanese, were shocked at our Gaijin Perimeter abilities. The crowds parted in front of B like sailboats dodging out of the way of a tanker, and giving him the same sort of wide berth, to the point where some people were stepping out onto the street.
We found a ramen place called Ichiran which had decent ratings. It was also very much the sort of place that drunk people would stumble into during their walk of shame. Everything was designed so that you could have minimal interaction with other human beings.
You ordered your ramen from a ticket machine, and then there was four bar style rows, each with a little cubby that shut you off from your neighbour (though the cubby walls could be folded away).
You pushed the ticket through a small bamboo screen and you were handed back a preference sheet that you ticked off - how spicy, how rich, what type of noodles, what veggies, and you returned it through the screen. Minutes later, a bowl of ramen ordered to your preferences would be pushed through the screen. You could literally accomplish all of this without saying a single word and the server was never visible - At most, you saw their hands through the screen. Perfect for anyone with social anxiety.
After that, we headed out on the JR lines to Tokyo DisneySea. You heard that right, DisneySea, not Disneyland. They are adjacent park, but the major difference is that DisneySea serves booze. Not that we had any (booze was not immune to Disney prices).
On a purely artsy level, DisneySea was awesome - everything was gorgeously and meticulously decorated. While walking through "King Triton's Castle"(as opposed to the Sleeping Beauty's castle that you'd find in the regular disney parks), we noticed that every single tile in every single mosaic was in fact engraved with pictures of Ariel, Flounder and Prince Eric. Not the same picture either - different poses and positions.
There was a huge Steampunk flavour to the park too. Everything was pretty to look at and the amount of detail was insane.
It was crowded though and the rides were ok. We only went on about 6 of them, but they were fun. Again, more just from the artsy side of it. I would say it was worth what we paid, but only just barely. I will say this though, when set free from the uniform requirements of black, navy and beige "NormCore" colours (according to my sister, that's the name that's used for that type of fashion?), Japanese people seem to have terrible taste in clothing. Lots of mixed neons and plaid.
I also got an extremely awkward sunburn, because I under-estimated how far the neckline of my dress went down and didn't put on sunscreen that far down. :/ It itches. The sun here does not play around, we had to buy 50SPF+++ sunscreen (which is everywhere, thank goodness)
We got home and passed out super quick last night. This morning, we woke up early and packed up our room, because we were heading to Kyoto today.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
SO, EIGHT HOURS LATER, WE ARE NOW IN KYOTO.
Kyoto is crazy different from Tokyo.
Big difference? The Japanese business-suited business man has completely disappeared. Now there's people walking around in actual kimonos (We saw no kimonos in Tokyo. none.) Oh, and people are wearing colours. Actual colours.
We booked out of our hotel around 10am and dragged our suitcases over to Tokyo station, which was around 20 minutes away on foot. Not bad at all, but it was a hot day. Also, the bank of Japan headquarters looks like a fortress and there is one office building just before the station that is entirely covered in roses - we're talking a 6 storey building. Completely covered in roses. It was pretty cool.
Tokyo station is just nuts. There are 24 platforms, both local and shinkansen trains. It is a white tiled rabbit warren. B and K's gaijin perimeter was invaluable when we were rushing through the crowds to catch our train.
There was also a mall beneath the station, and much of it was devoted to different stores that featured a particular character. Japan has a tendency to make a cutesy character mascot for everything. Literally everything.
Every prefecture, every city, has a character mascot. Most of the big companies have them. Some of them, like Domo-kun have gotten extremely popular. Others, like Snoopy, have been taken, bastardized, and then grown into something that bypasses all of their origins. There were, of course, stores dedicated to these two guys, and several others as well. My favourite was the Studio Ghibli store (obviously).
There was alot of specialized food places, of varying quality, including a standing sushi bar.
The shinkansen train was really new experience for me. I've been on really fast trains before - I've been on the TGV trains in France, but I was really too young to remember much about it. However, Shinkansen bullet trains are pretty ridiculous, in a very cool way.
First, they're extremely long - about 16 cars. Of course, our reserved seats were in the very last car, so we had to hike down the platforms with our bags (about 200 m and it was very very crowded).
They're arranged pretty much like an airplane, with overhead and under seat storage and similar seats and once you actually get going, you don't really process how fast you're going, unless the train passes really close to something. Most of the scenery passes much like it would if you were in a car. But when something passed by at less than 5 m, it was literally so blurred that you could not distinguish what it was. Several trains passed us on the adjacent track and you could not even distinguish the windows.
The Japanese countryside is really neat - Everything is really dense, and then there's wild countryside. They don't really do "suburbia" in the sense that north america does. There was very clear demarcations between human habitation, farmland and wilderness, and you didn't see much overlap. The mountains here are gorgeous, but wayyyy smaller than the ones back home. They seem gentler too, but it's hard to say, because I don't know what Japanese hiking habits are.
We went by mount Fuji too :))
Upon reaching Kyoto, it was much hotter and much more casual. As I mentioned earlier, the business suits have disappeared and everything is older and feels more organic, so to speak.
The townhouse were are staying in is extremely old and has tatami flooring, and we're sleeping on futons as well. There's a supermarket 1 block away and we had a lot of fun attempting to decipher what the hell different foods were. Sometimes my ability to read some Kanji helped, but most of it is a mystery, because Japan tends to favour cutesy drawings over pictures of products on their packaging.
Also, vegetables and fruit are very very photogenic here. Apparently, Japanese people are willing to pay a lot of money to eat "perfect" looking foods. The carrots we bought were fat, bright orange and perfectly shaped. That was the only option. Same goes for every other veggie we could find.
We also had a super awkward moment when we discovered that Japanese supermarkets do not give you bags. B and I bought a basket worth of food, then discovered that we had no way to carry it home easily.
So we opted for the most ridiculous route, and carried it all back to the apartment balanced in our arms. People were openly smirking at us, but oh well. How were we supposed to know? :P
Super tired today, so we're having a night in. S, K and B have been drinking the super cheap alcohol that you can buy in the supermarket. We'll be going to bed soon, because we're boring like that .

Day 5 (Kyoto)
We rented bikes for commuting around Kyoto. Kyoto is full of contradictions. The locals bike everywhere it seems, except on the actual designated bike lanes. But you would not believe the glares we get when we ring our little bike bells to get wandering Japanese Obasans (old women) out of our way, because they're in the middle of the bike path. There's also signs everywhere that tell you where not to park your bikes - only to have half a dozen bikes parked in front of them.
We rode up and down both sides of the Kamo river, which is in the middle of Kyoto - and there were a bunch of hawks and cranes up and down the river. The hawks were fighting quite low to the ground and nearly buzzed B at one point. Later on, we saw them steal a sandwich out of a girl's hand. She burst into tears and I don't blame her - I worked with birds and that still looked terrifying.
I should also note that it's fucking hot out. The airbnb we are renting has 2 bedrooms but only one of the bedrooms has A/C. So all four of us are crammed into one room on futons because the other room is enough to make anyone melt. We've been using the other room as a "dressing room" and keeping all our bags in there.
Day 6 (Kyoto)
So I have a massive case of bike butt right now.
As in, I've been on a bike for more than 20 hours in the last three days, and I have a seat shaped bruise on my ass. I wish I was joking.
Still by far the best way to get around Kyoto (and the cheapest - we only paid about $45 for a two week rental) but jeez, you pay for it in other ways. :P I'm going to be sitting funny for a few days!
Today was a lot of fun - we went out to Arashiyama (Biked to Nijo JR station from our airbnb - about 22 mins, then used JR pass), which is a district on the far side of Kyoto from where we are staying (we're in Gion, which is the famous geisha district - did you ever hear of the book/movie Memoirs of a Geisha? That's where it's set). Arashiyama is a gorgeous area, with steep mountains and these really beautiful gorges. It started raining like crazy, so we didn't go on the scenic train like we had been planning to, but we visited the Monkey park, which was a lot of fun.
Japan only has one species of monkey - the Japanese Macaque. They're not very big - they'd be about knee height on you, but they have red faces and red butts. They're the ones you see in pictures sitting in the hot springs! The ones at this particular park are a part of a study group and there's about 130 of them. The monkey park is also a 20 minute hike up a mountain, so it has a gorgeous view of the entirety of Kyoto - from the opposite perspective than the one we had at Kiyomizu dera (which I will tell you about in a bit).
We hiked up to the top of the mountain, the monkeys were mostly just laying around and chilling out. Some were grooming each other, and a lot of the younger ones were running around playing. They're right underfoot! You weren't allowed to touch them or crouch down to look at them (it's a dominance thing apparently) but they were super chill around humans and only avoided direct contact.
One of the cool things you could do up here was feed them! Y100 yen got you a bag of apples or nuts and you could feed them at a designated feeding station, where they'll take the food right out of your hand.
They would crowd around and I got really lucky, because the macaque that came up to me to take the apples was a mother with a very young baby - he was so tiny, about 7 inches long, and was clinging to her belly and nursing as she ate the apples. Completely adorable. I also got pictures of her letting him wander around and explore later.
We came down from the monkey park and mostly just browsed the tourist shops, because the weather was so bad and sat in the the covered foot bath at one end of the high street.
~~
Kiyomizu dera is about 35 minutes south of our airbnb by bike, and it was a pretty cool ride until the very end - we managed about a quarter of the hill on our bikes, then had to walk up the rest of the way. The temple up is a narrow street lined with shops and there's tour buses everywhere, so walking ended up being safer. We really enjoyed wandering around the temple - it was crowded, but not claustrophobic and the view over Kyoto was gorgeous. There's tons of little side paths and little grottos that are sort of lurking around the main temple and pagoda, so you can spend quite a while just wandering. We checked out the shops on the way back down the hill and it was super nice.

(Kyoto)
We got up super early and went to the Aoi Matsuri festival (15 minutes bike ride from our airbnb). I'm not entirely sure on the origins for this one (it's one of the oldest ongoing "festivals" in Japan - about 1100 years) but it's very sombre. It's a processional from the Kyoto Imperial palace up to a temple about three kilometres upriver, and apparently it was originally done to appease the gods after a series of disasters at that point. All the costumes are modeled after the Heian era (about 900 years ago) and everyone carries hollyhock branches and the processional attendants carry an unmarried woman who was chosen as "Saio Dai" through out the procession, basically a priestess who leads the appeasement rituals.
Generally, the Saio Dai has to wear 12 layers of robes. It was about 27 C yesterday. I'm surprised she didn't melt. It was interesting to watch from an anthropological standpoint (everyone was wearing shoes made of reeds) but there was nothing to really engross the casual observer and we couldn't understand the chanting or the loudspeaker announcements at all. We left after about 40 minutes, as there was precious little shade.
The funniest thing we saw was that someone in a security guard uniform was basically in charge of making sure the processional's horses peed into a garbage bag instead of onto the parade route.
Afterwards, we biked around several of the temples just north of our apartment ( a lot of them are world heritage sites, and very beautiful, but Kyoto is very much a place where there is a temple on every block, so you have to be picky about the ones you go to). They were all beautiful and serene, but there weren't many differences between them.
After that, we biked down to Kyoto Station to get some ramen from the ramen alley (35 min bike ride straight down the river pathway, then across). In the station, up on the 10th floor, there is a section with 12 little ramen shops, each with a different style of ramen. S and K went to a ramen place elsewhere in Kyoto and ended up getting ramen that was wayyy to spicy for them, so they were in a lot of, ah, discomfort this morning. We've been taking it easy the last few days, as we haven't been getting much sleep. The person we're renting an apartment from didn't really give us good futons, so we've been pretty much laying on the hard tatami. Thankfully, the problem was sorted today and I hope tonight we can get a good sleep!

(Kyoto)
So, since I've always wanted to try on a kimono, but lacked the funds to get one of my own (they cost about $5000 minimum, due to the amount of embroidery they often have), we went to a kimono studio.
Most of the people walking around Kyoto are wearing yukata instead of kimono. Most good yukata will still set you back about $200 though, (but we ended up getting nice cotton ones from a cool 2nd hand shop in downtown Kyoto - we still use them as our summer bath robes).
So I was looking for places to rent them from (there's plenty) but I also discovered a place that will dress one up in a full kimono, as well as put on all the traditional geisha makeup. My sister wanted to try this too, so off we went the day before yesterday. It's a little three story studio several blocks south of where we were staying, that called itself the "Maiko Experience". Despite the good reviews, I thought it might be touristy, but the clientele was about 50% Japanese as well. Several older Japanese ladies were in the make up and dressing rooms with us.
Turns out that being belted into a proper kimono is NOT something you can do yourself. I had some vague ideas that you needed help to do it properly, but it's often a two or three person job.
We were put into makeup first. Traditional Maiko make up is where they paint your skin and neck completely white (with the exception of a small area at the back of your neck, because apparently it's erotic to have a small bit of skin showing through layers of white paint?) The white makeup feels pretty much like paint but they basically buff you non stop with a powder puff to get it to smooth out and cover everything, including the entirety of our lips.
The eye makeup wasn't too different from what some people would do - red/pink shading around the outer eyes and black kohl liner, which shows up quite dramatically against the white face paint. What was weird to me is that she spent several minutes painting my eyebrows red, then overlaying it with black kohl.
The effect was very interesting though, and one I saw it properly after she was finished, I figured out what she was going for. It makes for a far deeper and more subtle look than just putting black would have done. Just black would have made me look like I had huge black caterpillar eyebrows. Adding the red blended the whole thing with the eye makeup and added a lot of depth. Which is a weird comment to make about eyebrows.
The lips were the most annoying part. If you've ever seen pictures of traditional geisha makeup, you'll notice that they often only paint one of their lips fully (usually the bottom) and only a little line or a half done on the upper. This is because if you actually painted your entire lips with a white face, you'd end up looking like a ridiculous clown.
I don't have Resting Bitch Face or anything, but my default expression is definitely not a close-lipped smile, which is what the make up artist required to apply the lip paint. I had trouble keeping a close lipped smile while concentrating on keeping everything else still and, in her very meek Japanese way, I could tell she was annoyed with me, because every time I concentrated on keeping still, my mouth would return to a neutral position. Either way, it came out crooked and it caused a flurry among the hairdressers later when they noticed it and swooped in to fix it.
They don't torture you by doing your hair in the geisha hairstyles (which were usually expected to last for days), so they have a half wig that they comb your hair over and paint black.
After that, you pick what kimono you want to wear (I went with pink, my sister chose blue), and you get strapped into them.
I'm not even joking, it's like getting trussed up into a corset. There's about three layers of underwear, and while my sister had no problems (her shape being more similar to the typical Japanese woman), I could tell my boobs were giving the dressers trouble. Lots of untying and rearranging of padding, before being tugged tight again. Apparently they try to make you cylindrical shaped before they even put the kimono on. No buttons or anything - everything is held in place by cotton cords. Still pretty merciless on the breathing though.
After satisfying themselves with the undergarments (and they are not sexy undergarments ) we moved onto the kimono.
Kimonos come in one standard length, and the dresser folds them up to match your height. So this caused another problem, because all the padding they had put underneath to even me out had to be rearranged so that I didn't look pregnant when they folded up the kimono layers . By the end of it, you are trussed up so tightly that you are forced to have good posture and can't really even bend at the waist too good - all bending over is done with the knees.
However, that's half the pleasure of wearing corsets anyways (your back is forced to be straight, which alleviates a lot of aches) so it wasn't that bad.
We were taken for a couple studio pictures, then given ten minutes to take our ownpictures. B noted that he barely recognized us through the make up and we took a couple funny shots (as funny as you can get with your movement restricted like that, while wearing okobo sandals (which you should google). They're as hard to balance on as they look.
After washing off all the make up (also a lengthy process), we had a pretty quiet day in, as we have been going full speed for the last several days.
Yesterday, we went down to Osaka. We were late starting out, so we didn't get to do as much as we wanted, but we took the shinkansen down and went to the Kaiyukan Aquarium, which was extremely impressive. It's a 7 story structure, and all the tanks are layers so that as you walk down through the aquarium, you re-encounter the same tanks, but at different depths.
There's also a massive, 9 m x 34 m x 40m "Pacific Ocean tank" that takes up the majority of the middle of the building. It's about 4 storeys high and actually contains a whale shark, the only one in captivity. Half of the walkways have windows that open out onto this tank, so you could look at it from different perspectives. We also got to watch several feedings, though as per usual, everything is in Japanese, so we have no idea what the trainers are actually saying.
After the Aquarium, there's a giant ferris wheel thing that's 112m tall next to it, so we went on that, which gave us a pretty cool view of the city. Osaka is much denser than Tokyo, with taller buildings, but spread over less of an area. It had way more of a "crowded dirty city" vibe too. We might go back to check out Osaka castle.
(Kinosaki Onsen) (days 9-10?)
Good lord, did I ever get massaged into submission. And not even by anything alive. Our hotel room in Kinosaki had a rather frightening but extremely effective massage chair. As it, it was so effective that you had to make sure the massaging bits didn't push you right out of the chair before it was finished turning you into mashed potatoes. It was an impulsive trip - we didn't even know Kinosaki onsen existed until we were in Kyoto a few days, and decided to spend an overnight here - we left our suitcases at our airbnb in kyoto and just took a small bag each with toiletries and a change of clothes. It was worth keeping the Kyoto airbnb, because it meant we didn't have to haul heavy bags around when we were exploring.
Also, Kinosaki is probably the my favourite spot of our vacation so far. Not only did we have amazingly comfortable beds.... there was seven different onsens (hot spring baths) within walking distance of our hotel.
I know you're a loving connoseur of hot water, so this place would be heaven for you. Basically, this was a town devoted to multitude of ways that you can douse yourself in hot water.
Do you want it hot enough to turn you into a tomato? Check. Whirlpool jets? check. Outdoor hot pools set under a tumbling waterfall? Check. Stone benches to sit on with hot water running down the backs? check. Outdoor hot pools in rock lined grottos? Check. Steam rooms? Check Free and unlimited access to seven onsens that offer these diversions? check. (generally, your onsen fees are included in your hotel cost).
Plus, the hotels provide you with yukata (light kimono) to wear while wandering around the village, and you can move freely between onsen while they're open. It's extremely comfortable and makes everyone look colourful.
We had a lot of fun with it, and like all Japanese bathhouses, nudity is a given. Other than that, my sister and I got stared at a lot there (sort of like how it was in Tokyo - lots of side eye and awkward looking away when I caught their eye). The best example was when they started laughing at something I did by accident.
A bit of background - when you go into the bathing area in the onsen, you're only allowed to bring one teeny towel to "cool" yourself with. You're also not supposed to leave it laying around, so most people just fold it up....and set it on top of their heads. There's variations of course, but generally, it's just sitting there.
Not being used to this, I would usually forget it was there and drop it in the water whenever I tilted my head. After this happening three times, I've finally managed to keep the awareness of keeeping my head level down to a science. Then I started sneezing randomly while sitting on the side of the bath. violent huge AHHHCHOOOS. Shit, there goes my towel! I snatch for it, fumble, and manage to catch it just before it hits the water. All of the ladies in the tub burst out laughing. They're not laughing at me maliciously (it did look pretty funny) .... but I was in a corner, not really in the middle of anything. They were all watching anyways!
K and B had a very different experience - basically any tub they sat in, all the japanese guys got up and moved to the other tub.

See part 2 below
submitted by Peregrinebullet to JapanTravel [link] [comments]


2020.09.27 20:55 Blooper_Bot Game Thread: Red Sox (23-36) @ Braves (35-24) - Sun, Sep 27 @ 03:10 PM EDT

Red Sox @ Braves - Sun, Sep 27

Game Status: Final - Score: 9-1 Red Sox

Links & Info

Red Sox Batters AB R H RBI BB K LOB AVG OBP SLG
1 Bradley Jr. - CF 6 2 3 1 0 1 3 .283 .364 .450
2 Devers - 3B 6 0 1 1 0 2 4 .263 .310 .483
3 Bogaerts - SS 3 1 2 1 0 1 1 .300 .364 .502
Puello - RF 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 .375 .500 .375
4 Martinez, J - DH 5 1 1 2 0 1 3 .213 .291 .389
5 Plawecki - C 3 1 1 0 2 2 1 .341 .393 .463
6 Dalbec - 1B 3 1 0 0 1 2 4 .263 .359 .600
7 Chavis - LF 5 1 1 1 0 1 4 .212 .259 .377
8 Lin - 2B 5 0 1 0 0 0 2 .154 .182 .173
9 Araúz - SS 4 1 3 3 1 1 0 .250 .325 .319
Totals 42 9 15 9 4 11 22
Red Sox
BATTING: 2B: Bradley Jr. (11, Wilson, Bry); Chavis (5, Jackson, L). HR: Bradley Jr. (7, 4th inning off Smith, W, 0 on, 2 out); Bogaerts (11, 5th inning off O'Day, 0 on, 0 out); Martinez, J (7, 7th inning off Jackson, L, 1 on, 1 out); Araúz (1, 9th inning off Tomlin, 0 on, 1 out). TB: Araúz 6; Bogaerts 5; Bradley Jr. 7; Chavis 2; Devers; Lin; Martinez, J 4; Plawecki; Puello 2. RBI: Araúz 3 (9); Bogaerts (28); Bradley Jr. (22); Chavis (19); Devers (43); Martinez, J 2 (27). 2-out RBI: Bradley Jr.; Araúz 2. Runners left in scoring position, 2 out: Dalbec; Devers 2; Chavis 2. Team RISP: 3-for-12. Team LOB: 11.
FIELDING: PB: Plawecki (2).
Braves Batters AB R H RBI BB K LOB AVG OBP SLG
1 Albies - 2B 5 0 1 0 0 1 0 .271 .306 .466
2 Freeman - 1B 4 0 1 0 0 0 2 .341 .462 .640
a-Hechavarria - PH 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 .254 .302 .305
3 Ozuna - DH 4 1 2 1 0 0 3 .338 .431 .636
4 Sandoval - 3B 2 0 0 0 2 1 2 .214 .287 .262
5 Duvall - LF 4 0 1 0 0 0 1 .237 .301 .532
6 Markakis - RF 4 0 2 0 0 0 2 .254 .312 .392
7 Swanson - SS 3 0 0 0 1 2 1 .274 .345 .464
8 Flowers - C 4 0 0 0 0 4 4 .217 .325 .348
9 Inciarte - CF 3 0 0 0 1 1 3 .190 .262 .250
Totals 34 1 7 1 4 9 18
Braves
a-Grounded out for Freeman in the 9th.
BATTING: 2B: Markakis (15, Weber). HR: Ozuna (18, 1st inning off Pivetta, 0 on, 2 out). TB: Albies; Duvall; Freeman; Markakis 3; Ozuna 5. RBI: Ozuna (56). 2-out RBI: Ozuna. Runners left in scoring position, 2 out: Ozuna; Inciarte 2; Flowers; Markakis. Team RISP: 0-for-7. Team LOB: 10.
Red Sox Pitchers IP H R ER BB K HR P-S ERA
Pivetta (W, 2-0) 5.0 4 1 1 2 5 1 92-59 6.89
Hernandez, D (H, 2) 1.0 1 0 0 2 2 0 26-15 2.16
Weber 2.0 2 0 0 0 1 0 28-21 4.40
Kickham 1.0 0 0 0 0 1 0 7-5 7.71
Totals 9.0 7 1 1 4 9 1
Braves Pitchers IP H R ER BB K HR P-S ERA
Wilson, Bry 3.0 5 1 1 2 2 0 66-41 4.02
Smith, W (L, 2-2) 1.0 1 1 1 0 2 1 19-13 4.50
O'Day 1.0 1 1 1 0 2 1 14-10 1.10
Greene 1.0 0 0 0 1 0 0 20-12 2.60
Martin 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4-1 1.00
Jackson, L 1.0 5 5 5 1 0 1 33-23 6.84
Melancon 1.0 2 0 0 0 3 0 16-11 2.78
Tomlin 1.0 1 1 1 0 2 1 14-10 4.76
Totals 9.0 15 9 9 4 11 4
Game Info
HBP: Dalbec (by Jackson, L).
Pitches-strikes: Pivetta 92-59; Hernandez, D 26-15; Weber 28-21; Kickham 7-5; Wilson, Bry 66-41; Smith, W 19-13; O'Day 14-10; Greene 20-12; Martin 4-1; Jackson, L 33-23; Melancon 16-11; Tomlin 14-10.
Groundouts-flyouts: Pivetta 2-4; Hernandez, D 0-0; Weber 3-1; Kickham 1-0; Wilson, Bry 7-0; Smith, W 0-0; O'Day 0-1; Greene 1-1; Martin 0-0; Jackson, L 3-0; Melancon 0-0; Tomlin 1-0.
Batters faced: Pivetta 21; Hernandez, D 6; Weber 8; Kickham 3; Wilson, Bry 16; Smith, W 4; O'Day 4; Greene 4; Jackson, L 10; Melancon 5; Tomlin 4.
Umpires: HP: Marty Foster. 1B: Adam Beck. 2B: Mark Wegner. 3B: Sean Barber.
Weather: 82 degrees, Partly Cloudy.
Wind: 6 mph, In From CF.
First pitch: 3:10 PM.
T: 3:23.
Venue: Truist Park.
September 27, 2020
Inning Scoring Play Score
Top 1 Rafael Devers singles on a sharp line drive to right fielder Nick Markakis. Jackie Bradley Jr. scores. 1-0 BOS
Bottom 1 Marcell Ozuna homers (18) on a fly ball to left center field. 1-1
Top 4 Jackie Bradley Jr. homers (7) on a line drive to center field. 2-1 BOS
Top 5 Xander Bogaerts homers (11) on a fly ball to left center field. 3-1 BOS
Top 7 J.D. Martinez homers (7) on a fly ball to right center field. Cesar Puello scores. 5-1 BOS
Top 7 Michael Chavis doubles (5) on a ground ball to left fielder Adam Duvall. Kevin Plawecki scores. Bobby Dalbec to 3rd. 6-1 BOS
Top 7 Jonathan Arauz singles on a sharp ground ball to right fielder Nick Markakis. Bobby Dalbec scores. Michael Chavis scores. 8-1 BOS
Top 9 Jonathan Arauz homers (1) on a fly ball to right field. 9-1 BOS
Team Highlight
BOS Rafael Devers' RBI single (00:00:20)
ATL Pablo Sandoval ends the first (00:00:12)
ATL Marcell Ozuna's solo homer (00:00:42)
ATL Bryse Wilson escapes the jam (00:00:20)
BOS NESN on Roenicke not returning (00:01:11)
ATL Ozuna's 468-foot home run (00:00:27)
BOS Jackie Bradley Jr.'s amazing grab (00:00:31)
BOS Jackie Bradley Jr. hits a homer (00:00:41)
BOS Xander Bogaerts' solo homer (00:00:48)
BOS Darwinzon Hernandez K's Inciarte (00:00:14)
BOS J.D. Martinez's two-run homer (00:00:45)
BOS Michael Chavis' RBI double (00:00:18)
BOS Jonathan Araúz's RBI single (00:00:18)
ATL Chris Martin leaves with injury (00:01:16)
BOS Pablo Sandoval makes diving play (00:00:07)
BOS Jonathan Araúz's first homer (00:00:40)
BOS Mike Kickman secures the win (00:00:39)
BOS Red Sox vs. Braves Highlights (00:03:50)
BOS Nick Pivetta's five strikeouts (00:00:30)
BOS Jackie Bradley Jr.'s great game (00:01:44)
BOS CG: [email protected] - 9/27/20 (00:06:20)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E LOB
Red Sox 1 0 0 1 1 0 5 0 1 9 15 0 11
Braves 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 7 0 10

Around the Division

NYM 5 @ WSH 15 - Final
MIA 5 @ NYY 0 - Final
PHI 0 @ TB 5 - Final
Last Updated: 09/27/2020 09:07:13 PM EDT
submitted by Blooper_Bot to Braves [link] [comments]


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